LMV7219 SC70-5 DS101054-1 DS101054 SC70-5/SOT23-5 DS101054-2 LMV7219M7 - Datasheet Archive
7 nsec, 2.7V to 5V Comparator with Rail-to Rail Output General Description Features The LMV7219 is a low-power, high-speed
LMV7219 LMV7219 7 nsec, 2.7V to 5V Comparator with Rail-to Rail Output General Description Features The LMV7219 LMV7219 is a low-power, high-speed comparator with internal hysteresis. The LMV7219 LMV7219 operating voltage ranges from 2.7V to 5V with push/pull rail-to-rail output. This device achieves a 7ns propagation delay while consuming only 1.1mA of supply current at 5V. The LMV7219 LMV7219 inputs have a common mode voltage range that extends 200mV below ground, allowing ground sensing. The internal hysteresis ensures clean output transitions even with slow-moving inputs signals. The LMV7219 LMV7219 is available in the SC70-5 SC70-5 and SOT23-5 packages, which are ideal for systems where small size and low power are critical. (VS = 5V, TA = 25°C, Typical values unless specified) n Propagation delay 7ns n Low supply current 1.1mA n Input common mode voltage range extends 200mv below ground n Ideal for 2.7V and 5V single supply applications n Internal hysteresis ensures clean switching n Fast rise and fall time 1.3ns n Available in space-saving packages: 5-pin SC70-5 SC70-5 SOT23-5 Applications n n n n n n n Portable and battery-powered systems Scanners Set top boxes High speed differential line receiver Window comparators Zero-crossing detectors High-speed sampling circuits Typical Application DS101054-1 DS101054-1 © 2000 National Semiconductor Corporation DS101054 DS101054 www.national.com LMV7219 LMV7219 7 nsec, 2.7V to 5V Comparator with Rail-to Rail Output April 2000 LMV7219 LMV7219 Connection Diagram SC70-5/SOT23-5 SC70-5/SOT23-5 DS101054-2 DS101054-2 Top View Ordering Information Package 5-pin SC70-5 SC70-5 5-pin SOT23-5 Part Number Marking Supplied as LMV7219M7 LMV7219M7 C15 1k Units Tape and Reel NSC Drawing LMV7219M7X LMV7219M7X C15 3k Units Tape and Reel LMV7219M5 LMV7219M5 C14A 1k Units Tape and Reel LMV7219M5X LMV7219M5X C14A 3k Units Tape and Reel Simplified Schematic DS101054-3 DS101054-3 www.national.com 2 MAA05A MAA05A MA05B MA05B Voltage at Input/Output pins If Military/Aerospace specified devices are required, please contact the National Semiconductor Sales Office/ Distributors for availability and specifications. Current at Input Pin (Note 9) Operating Ratings ESD Tolerance (Note 2) LMV7219 LMV7219 Absolute Maximum Ratings (Note 1) Supply voltages (V+ - V-) Machine Body 150V Human Model Body Differential Input Voltage (Note 3) Supply Voltage (V+ - V-) -40°C to +85°C Storage Temperature Range 2000V ± Supply Voltage Output Short Circuit Duration 2.7V to 5V Junction temperature range (Note 4) -65°C to +150°C Package Thermal Resistance 5.5V SC70-5 SC70-5 Infrared or Convection (20 sec) Wave Soldering (10 sec) 478°C/W SOT23-5 Soldering Information 265°C/W 235°C 260°C (lead temp) 2.7V Electrical Characteristics Unless otherwise specified, all limits guaranteed for TJ = 25°C, VCM = V+/2, V+ = 2.7V, V- = 0V, CL = 10pF and RL > 1M to V-. Boldface limits apply at the temperature extremes. Symbol Parameter Conditions Typ (Note 5) Limit (Note 6) Units 1 6 8 mV max VOS Input Offset Voltage IB Input Bias Current 450 950 2000 nA max IOS Input Offset Current 50 200 400 nA max CMRR Common Mode Rejection Ratio 0V < VCM < 1.50V 85 62 55 dB min PSRR Power Supply Rejection Ratio V+ = 2.7V to 5V 85 65 55 dB min VCM Input Common-Voltage Range CMRR > 50dB VCC -1 VCC -1.2 VCC -1.3 V min -0.2 -0.1 0 V max IL = 4mA, VID = 500mV VCC -0.22 VCC -0.3 VCC -0.4 IL = 0.4mA, VID = 500mV VCC -0.02 VCC -0.05 VCC -0.15 IL = -4mA, VID = -500mV 130 200 300 IL = -0.4mA, VID = -500mV 15 50 150 Sourcing, VO = 0V (Note 3) 20 Sinking, VO = 2.7V (Note 3) 20 0.9 VO Output Swing High Output Swing Low ISC Output Short Circuit Current V min mV max mA IS Supply Current No load VHYST Input Hysteresis Voltage (Note 10) 7 VTRIP+ Input Referred Positive Trip Point (see Figure 1) 3 8 mV max VTRIP- Input Referred Negative Trip Point (see Figure 1) -4 -8 mV min 3 1.6 2.2 mA max mV www.national.com LMV7219 LMV7219 2.7V Electrical Characteristics (Continued) Unless otherwise specified, all limits guaranteed for TJ = 25°C, VCM = V+/2, V+ = 2.7V, V- = 0V, CL = 10pF and RL > 1M to V-. Boldface limits apply at the temperature extremes. Symbol Parameter Conditions Typ (Note 5) 11 10 Units 12 Overdrive = 50mV VCM = 0V (Note 7) Propagation Delay Overdrive = 5mV VCM = 0V (Note 7) Overdrive = 15mV VCM = 0V (Note 7) tPD Limit (Note 6) ns max 20 tSKEW Propagation Delay Skew (Note 8) tr Output Rise Time 10% to 90% 2.5 ns tf Output Fall Time 90% to 10% 2 ns 1 ns 5V Electrical Characteristics Unless otherwise specified, all limits guaranteed for TJ = 25°C, VCM = V+/2, V+ = 5V, V- = 0V, CL = 10pF and RL > 1M to V-. Boldface limits apply at the temperature extremes. Symbol Parameter Conditions Typ (Note 5) Limit (Note 6) Units 1 6 8 mV max VOS Input Offset Voltage IB Input Bias Current 500 950 2000 nA max IOS Input Offset Current 50 200 400 nA max CMRR Common Mode Rejection Ratio 0V < VCM < 3.8V 85 65 55 dB min PSRR Power Supply Rejection Ratio V+ = 2.7V to 5V 85 65 55 dB min VCM Input Common-Mode Voltage Range CMRR > 50dB VCC -1 VCC -1.2 VCC -1.3 V min -0.2 -0.1 0 V max IL = 4mA, VID = 500mV VCC -0.13 VCC -0.2 VCC -0.3 IL = 0.4mA, VID = 500mV VCC -0.02 VCC -0.05 VCC -0.15 IL = -4mA, VID = -500mV 80 180 280 IL = -0.4mA, VID = -500mV 10 50 150 Sourcing, VO = 0V (Note 3) 68 30 20 Sinking, VO = 5V (Note 3) 65 30 20 1.8 2.4 mA max VO Output Swing High Output Swing Low ISC Output Short Circuit Current V min mV max mA min IS Supply Current No load 1.1 VHYST Input Hysteresis Voltage (Note 10) 7.5 VTrip+ Input Referred Positive Trip Point (See figure 1) 3.5 8 mV max VTrip- Input Referred Negative Trip Point (See figure 1) -4 -8 mV min www.national.com 4 mV (Continued) Unless otherwise specified, all limits guaranteed for TJ = 25°C, VCM = V+/2, V+ = 5V, V- = 0V, CL = 10pF and RL > 1M to V-. Boldface limits apply at the temperature extremes. Symbol Parameter Conditions Typ (Note 5) Limit (Note 6) Units ns max 9 8 20 Overdrive = 50mV VCM = 0V (Note 7) Propagation Delay Overdrive = 5mV VCM = 0V (Note 7) Overdrive = 15mV VCM = 0V (Note 7) tPD 7 19 tSKEW Propagation Delay Skew (Note 8) 0.4 ns tr Output Rise Time 10% to 90% 1.3 ns Output Fall Time 90% to 10% 1.25 ns tf Note 1: Absolute Maximum Ratings indicate limits beyond which damage to the device may occur. Operating Ratings indicate conditions for which the device is intended to be functional, but specific performance is not guaranteed. For guaranteed specifications and the test conditions, see the Electrical characteristics. Note 2: Human body model, 1.5k in series with 100pF. Machine model, 200 in series with 100pF. Note 3: Applies to both single-supply and split-supply operation. Continuous short circuit operation at elevated ambient temperature can result in exceeding the maximum allowed junction temperature of 150°C. Output currents in excess of ± 30mA over long term may adversely affect reliability. Note 4: The maximum power dissipation is a function of TJ(max), JA, and TA. The maximum allowable power dissipation at any ambient temperature is PD = (TJ(max) - TA)/JA. All numbers apply for packages soldered directly into a PC board. Note 5: Typical Values represent the most likely parametric norm. Note 6: All limits are guaranteed by testing or statistical analysis. Note 7: Propagation delay measurements made with 100mV steps. Overdrive is measure relative to VTrip. Note 8: Propagation Delay Skew is defined as absolute value of the difference between tPDLH and tPDHL. Note 9: Limiting input pin current is only necessary for input voltages that exceed absolute maximum input voltage ratings. Note 10: The LMV7219 LMV7219 comparator has internal hysteresis. The trip points are the input voltage needed to change the output state in each direction. The offset voltage is defined as the average of Vtrip+ and Vtrip-, while the hysteresis voltage is the difference of these two. 5 www.national.com LMV7219 LMV7219 5V Electrical Characteristics LMV7219 LMV7219 Typical Performance Characteristics Unless otherwise specified, VS = 5V, CL = 10pF, TA = 25°C Supply Current vs. Supply Voltage VOS vs. Supply Voltage DS101054-4 DS101054-4 DS101054-5 DS101054-5 Input Offset and Trip Voltage vs. Supply Voltage Sourcing Current vs. Output Voltage DS101054-6 DS101054-6 DS101054-8 DS101054-8 Sourcing Current vs. Output Voltage Sinking Current vs. Output Voltage DS101054-9 DS101054-9 www.national.com DS101054-10 DS101054-10 6 Unless otherwise specified, VS = 5V, CL = 10pF, TA = 25°C (Continued) Sinking Current vs. Output Voltage Propagation Delay vs. Temperature (VS = 2.7V, Vod = 15mV) DS101054-11 DS101054-11 DS101054-12 DS101054-12 Propagation Delay vs. Temperature (VS = 5V, Vod = 15mV) Propagation Delay vs. Capacitive Load (VS = 5V, Vod = 15mV) DS101054-13 DS101054-13 DS101054-14 DS101054-14 Propagation Delay vs. Input Overdrive Propagation Delay (tPD-) DS101054-16 DS101054-16 DS101054-15 DS101054-15 7 www.national.com LMV7219 LMV7219 Typical Performance Characteristics LMV7219 LMV7219 Typical Performance Characteristics Unless otherwise specified, VS = 5V, CL = 10pF, TA = 25°C (Continued) Propagation Delay (tPD+) DS101054-17 DS101054-17 comparators require hysteresis to be added with external resistors. The fixed internal hysteresis eliminates these resistors. Application Section LMV7219 LMV7219 is a single supply comparator with internal hysteresis, 7ns of propagation delay and only 1.1mA of supply current. The LMV7219 LMV7219 has a typical input common mode voltage range of -0.2V below the ground to 1V below Vcc. The differential input stage is a pair of PNP transistors, therefore, the input bias current flows out of the device. If either of the input signals falls below the negative common mode limit, the parasitic PN junction formed by the substrate and the base of the PNP will turn on, resulting in an increase of input bias current. If one of the inputs goes above the positive common mode limit, the output will still maintain the correct logic level as long as the other input stays within the common mode range. However, the propagation delay will increase. When both inputs are outside the common mode voltage range, current saturation occurs in the input stage, and the output becomes unpredictable. The propagation delay does not increase significantly with large differential input voltages. However, large differential voltages greater than the supply voltage should be avoided to prevent damages to the input stage. The LMV7219 LMV7219 has a push pull output. When the output switches, there is a direct path between Vcc and ground, causing high output sinking or sourcing current during the transition. After the transition, the output current decreases and the supply current settles back to about 1.1mA at 5V, thus conserving power consumption. Most high-speed comparators oscillate when the voltage of one of the inputs is close to or equal to the voltage on the other input due to noise or undesirable feedback. The LMV7219 LMV7219 have 7mV of internal hysteresis to counter parasitic effects and noise. The hysteresis does not change significantly with the supply voltages and the common mode input voltages as reflected in the specification table. The internal hysteresis creates two trip points, one for the rising input voltage and one for the falling input voltage. The difference between the trip points is the hysteresis. With internal hysteresis, when the comparator's input voltages are equal, the hysteresis effectively causes one comparatorinput voltage to move quickly past the other, thus taking the input out of the region where oscillation occurs. Standard www.national.com DS101054-18 DS101054-18 FIGURE 1. Input and Output Waveforms, Non-Inverting Input Varied Additional Hysteresis If additional hysteresis is desired, this can be done with the addition of three resistors using positive feedback, as shown in Figure 2. The positive feedback method slows the comparator response time. Calculate the resistor values as follows: 1) Select R3. The current through R3 should be greater than the input bias current to minimize errors. The current through R3 (IF) at the trip point is (VREF - VOUT) /R3. Consider the two possible output states when solving for R3, and use the smaller of the two resulting resistor values. The two formulas are: R3 = VREF/IF (when VOUT = 0) R3 = VCC - VREF /IF (VOUT = VCC) 2) Choose a hysteresis band required (VHB). 3) Calculate R1, where R1 = R3 X(VHB/VCC) 4) Choose the trip point for VIN rising. This is the threshold voltage (VTHR) at which the comparator switches from low to high as VIN rises about the trip point. 5) Calculate R2 as follows: 6) Verify the trip voltage and hysteresis as follows: 8 LMV7219 LMV7219 Application Section (Continued) DS101054-22 DS101054-22 FIGURE 3. Zero-Crossing Detector Threshold Detector Instead of tying the inverting input to 0V, the inverting input can be tied to a reference voltage. The non-inverting input is connected to the input. As the input passes the VREF threshold, the comparator's output changes state. This method is recommended for additional hysteresis of up to a few hundred millivolts. Beyond that, the impedance of R3 is low enough to affect the bias string and adjustment of R1 may be also required. DS101054-21 DS101054-21 DS101054-23 DS101054-23 FIGURE 2. Additional Hysteresis FIGURE 4. Threshold Detector Circuit Layout and Bypassing The LMV7219 LMV7219 requires high-speed layout. Follow these layout guidelines: 1. Power supply bypassing is critical, and will improve stability and transient response. A decoupling capacitor such as 0.1µF ceramic should be placed as close as possible to V+ pin. An additional 2.2µF tantalum capacitor may be required for extra noise reduction. 2. Keep all leads short to reduce stray capacitance and lead inductance. It will also minimize unwanted parasitic feedback around the comparator. 3. The device should be soldered directly to the PC board instead of using a socket. 4. Use a PC board with a good, unbroken low inductance ground plane. Make sure ground paths are low-impedance, especially were heavier currents are flowing. Crystal Oscillator A simple crystal oscillator using the LMV7219 LMV7219 is shown below. Resistors R1 and R2 set the bias point at the comparator's non-inverting input. Resistors R3, R4 and C1 sets the inverting input node at an appropriate DC average level based on the output. The crystal's path provides resonant positive feedback and stable oscillation occurs. The output duty cycle for this circuit is roughly 50%, but it is affected by resistor tolerances and to a lesser extent by the comparator offset. 5. Input traces should be kept away from output traces. This can be achieved by running a topside ground plane between the output and inputs. 6. Run the ground trace under the device up to the bypass capacitor to shield the inputs from the outputs. 7. To prevent parasitic feedback when input signals are slow-moving, a small capacitor of 1000pF or less can be placed between the inputs. It can also help eliminate oscillations in the transition region. However, this capacitor can cause some degradation to tpd when the source impedance is low. Zero-Crossing Detector The inverting input is connected to ground and the noninverting input is connected to 100mVp-p signal. As the signal at the non-inverting input crosses 0V, the comparator's output Changes State. DS101054-24 DS101054-24 FIGURE 5. Crystal Oscillator 9 www.national.com LMV7219 LMV7219 Application Section (Continued) IR Receiver The LMV7219 LMV7219 is an ideal candidate to be used as an infrared receiver. The infrared photo diode creates a current relative to the amount of infrared light present. The current creates a voltage across RD. When this voltage level cross the voltage applied by the voltage divider to the inverting input, the output transitions. DS101054-25 DS101054-25 FIGURE 6. IR Receiver www.national.com 10 LMV7219 LMV7219 Physical Dimensions inches (millimeters) unless otherwise noted 5-Pin SC70-5 SC70-5 Tape and Reel Order Numbers LMV7219M7 LMV7219M7 or LMV7219M7X LMV7219M7X NS Package Number MAA05A MAA05A 11 www.national.com LMV7219 LMV7219 7 nsec, 2.7V to 5V Comparator with Rail-to Rail Output Physical Dimensions inches (millimeters) unless otherwise noted (Continued) 5-Pin SOT23-5 Tape and Reel Order Numbers LMV7219M5 LMV7219M5 or LMV7219M5X LMV7219M5X NS Package Number MA05B MA05B LIFE SUPPORT POLICY NATIONAL'S PRODUCTS ARE NOT AUTHORIZED FOR USE AS CRITICAL COMPONENTS IN LIFE SUPPORT DEVICES OR SYSTEMS WITHOUT THE EXPRESS WRITTEN APPROVAL OF THE PRESIDENT AND GENERAL COUNSEL OF NATIONAL SEMICONDUCTOR CORPORATION. As used herein: 1. Life support devices or systems are devices or systems which, (a) are intended for surgical implant into the body, or (b) support or sustain life, and whose failure to perform when properly used in accordance with instructions for use provided in the labeling, can be reasonably expected to result in a significant injury to the user. National Semiconductor Corporation Americas Tel: 1-800-272-9959 Fax: 1-800-737-7018 Email: email@example.com www.national.com National Semiconductor Europe Fax: +49 (0) 180-530 85 86 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Deutsch Tel: +49 (0) 69 9508 6208 English Tel: +44 (0) 870 24 0 2171 Français Tel: +33 (0) 1 41 91 8790 2. A critical component is any component of a life support device or system whose failure to perform can be reasonably expected to cause the failure of the life support device or system, or to affect its safety or effectiveness. National Semiconductor Asia Pacific Customer Response Group Tel: 65-2544466 Fax: 65-2504466 Email: email@example.com National Semiconductor Japan Ltd. Tel: 81-3-5639-7560 Fax: 81-3-5639-7507 National does not assume any responsibility for use of any circuitry described, no circuit patent licenses are implied and National reserves the right at any time without notice to change said circuitry and specifications.