LM392 LM358 LM393 DS007793-1 LM392M LM392MX LM392N DS007793 AN-450 DS007793-2 - Datasheet Archive
Low Power Operational Amplifier/Voltage Comparator General Description The LM392 series consists of 2 independent building block
LM392 LM392 Low Power Operational Amplifier/Voltage Comparator General Description The LM392 LM392 series consists of 2 independent building block circuits. One is a high gain, internally frequency compensated operational amplifier, and the other is a precision voltage comparator. Both the operational amplifier and the voltage comparator have been specifically designed to operate from a single power supply over a wide range of voltages. Both circuits have input stages which will common-mode input down to ground when operating from a single power supply. Operation from split power supplies is also possible and the low power supply current is independent of the magnitude of the supply voltage. Application areas include transducer amplifier with pulse shaper, DC gain block with level detector, VCO, as well as all conventional operational amplifier or voltage comparator circuits. Both circuits can be operated directly from the standard 5 VDC power supply voltage used in digital systems, and the output of the comparator will interface directly with either TTL or CMOS logic. In addition, the low power drain makes the LM392 LM392 extremely useful in the design of portable equipment. Advantages n Eliminates need for dual power supplies n An internally compensated op amp and a precision comparator in the same package n Allows sensing at or near ground n Power drain suitable for battery operation n Pin-out is the same as both the LM358 LM358 dual op amp and the LM393 LM393 dual comparator Features n Wide power supply voltage range Single supply: 3V to 32V Dual supply: ± 1.5V to ± 16V n Low supply current drain - essentially independent of supply voltage: 600 µA n Low input biasing current: 50 nA n Low input offset voltage: 2 mV n Low input offset current: 5 nA n Input common-mode voltage range includes ground n Differential input voltage range equal to the power supply voltage n n n n ADDITIONAL OP AMP FEATURES Internally frequency compensated for unity gain Large DC voltage gain: 100 dB Wide bandwidth (unity gain): 1 MHz Large output voltage swing: 0V to V+ - 1.5V ADDITIONAL COMPARATOR FEATURES n Low output saturation voltage: 250 mV at 4 mA n Output voltage compatible with all types of logic systems Connection Diagram (Amplifier A = Comparator) (Amplifier B = Operational Amplifier) Dual-In-Line Package DS007793-1 DS007793-1 (Top View) Order Number LM392M LM392M or LM392MX LM392MX See NS Package Number M08A Order Number LM392N LM392N See NS Package Number N08E © 2000 National Semiconductor Corporation DS007793 DS007793 www.national.com LM392 LM392 Low Power Operational Amplifier/Voltage Comparator August 2000 LM392 LM392 Absolute Maximum Ratings (Note 1) If Military/Aerospace specified devices are required, please contact the National Semiconductor Sales Office/ Distributors for availability and specifications. LM392 LM392 Supply Voltage, V+ 32V or ± 16V Differential Input Voltage 32V Input Voltage -0.3V to +32V Power Dissipation (Note 2) Molded DIP (LM392N LM392N) 820 mW Small Outline Package (LM392M LM392M) 530 mW Output Short-Circuit to Ground (Note 3) Continuous Input Current (VIN < -0.3 VDC) (Note 4) 50 mA Operating Temperature Range 0°C to +70°C Storage Temperature Range -65°C to +150°C Lead Temperature (Soldering, 10 seconds) 260°C ESD rating to be determined. Soldering Information Dual-in-Line Package Soldering (10 seconds) 260°C Small Outline Package Vapor Phase (60 seconds) 215°C Infrared (15 seconds) 220°C See AN-450 AN-450 "Surface Mounting Methods and Their Effect on Product Reliability" for other methods of soldering surface mount devices. Electrical Characteristics (V+ = 5 VDC; specifications apply to both amplifiers unless otherwise stated) (Note 5) Parameter Conditions LM392 LM392 Min Units Typ Max Input Offset Voltage TA = 25°C, (Note 6) ±2 ±5 mV Input Bias Current IN(+) or IN(-), TA =25°C, (Note 7) , VCM = 0V 50 250 nA Input Offset Current IN(+) - IN(-), TA = 25°C ± 50 nA Input Common-Mode Voltage Range V+ = 30 VDC, TA = 25°C, (Note 8) Supply Current RL = , V+ = 30 V Supply Current RL = , V+ = 5 V Amplifier-to-Amplifier Coupling f = 1 kHz to 20 kHz, TA = 25°C, Input Referred, (Note 9) Input Offset Voltage (Note 6) ±7 mV Input Bias Current IN(+) or IN(-) 400 nA Input Offset Current IN(+) - IN(-) 150 nA V = 30 VDC, (Note 8) Differential Input Voltage Keep All VIN's 0 VDC (or V-, if used ) (Note 10) 2 V 2 mA 0.5 + V+-1.5 1 Input Common-Mode Voltage Range www.national.com ±5 1 mA 0 -100 0 dB + V -2 V 32 V LM392 LM392 Electrical Characteristics (Continued) (V+ = 5 VDC; specifications apply to both amplifiers unless otherwise stated) (Note 5) Parameter Conditions LM392 LM392 Min Typ Units Max 100 OP AMP ONLY Large Signal Voltage Gain V+ = 15 VDC, Vo swing = 1 VDC to 11 VDC, RL = 2 k, TA = 25°C 25 Output Voltage Swing RL = 2 k, TA = 25°C 0 Common-Mode Rejection Ratio + V/mV V+-1.5 V DC, TA = 25°C, VCM = 0, VDC to V -1.5 VDC 65 70 dB Power Supply Rejection Ratio DC, TA = 25°C 65 100 dB Output Current Source VIN(+) = 1 VDC, VIN(-) = 0 VDC, V+ = 15 VDC, Vo = 2 VDC, TA = 25°C 20 40 mA Output Current Sink VIN(-) = 1 VDC, VIN(+) = 0 VDC, V+ = 15 VDC, Vo =2VDC, TA = 25°C 10 20 mA VIN(-) = 1 VDC, VIN(+) = 0 VDC, V+ = 15 VDC, Vo =200 mV, TA = 25°C 12 50 µA Input Offset Voltage Drift RS = 0 7 µV/°C Input Offset Current Drift RS = 0 10 pADC/°C 200 V/mV 300 ns COMPARATOR ONLY Voltage Gain RL 15 k, V+ = 15 VDC, TA = 25°C Large Signal Response Time VIN = TTL Logic Swing, VREF = 1.4 VDC VRL = 5 VDC, RL = 5.1 k, TA = 25°C Response Time VRL = 5 VDC, RL = 5.1 k, TA = 25°C Output Sink Current VIN(-) =1 VDC, VIN(+) = 0 VDC, VO 1.5 VDC, TA = 25°C Saturation Voltage VIN(-) 1 VDC, VIN(+) = 0, ISINK 4 mA, TA = 25°C 50 1.3 6 µs 16 mA 250 Output Leakage Current VIN(-) = 0, VIN(+) 1 VDC, Vo = 5 VDC, TA = 25°C VIN(-) = 0, VIN(+) 1 VDC, Vo = 30 VDC mV 700 VIN(-) 1 VDC, VIN(+) = 0, ISINK 4 mA 400 mV 0.1 nA 1.0 µA Note 1: "Absolute Maximum Ratings" indicate limits beyond which damage to the device may occur. Operating Ratings indicate conditions for which the device is functional, but do not guarantee specific performance limits. Note 2: For operating at temperatures above 25°C, the LM392 LM392 must be derated based on a 125°C maximum junction temperature and a thermal resistance of 122°C/W which applies for the device soldered in a printed circuit board, operating in still air ambient. The dissipation is the total of both amplifiers - use external resistors, where possible, to allow the amplifier to saturate or to reduce the power which is dissipated in the integrated circuit. Note 3: Short circuits from the output to V+ can cause excessive heating and eventual destruction. When considering short circuits to ground, the maximum output current is approximately 40 mA for the op amp and 30 mA for the comparator independent of the magnitude of V+. At values of supply voltage in excess of 15V, continuous short circuits can exceed the power dissipation ratings and cause eventual destruction. Note 4: This input current will only exist when the voltage at any of the input leads is driven negative. It is due to the collector-base junction of the input PNP transistors becoming forward biased and thereby acting as input diode clamps. In addition to this diode action, there is also lateral NPN parasitic transistor action on the IC chip. This transistor action can cause the output voltages of the amplifiers to go to the V+ voltage level (or to ground for a large overdrive) for the time duration that an input is driven negative. This is not destructive and normal output states will re-establish when the input voltage, which was negative, again returns to a value greater than -0.3V (at 25°C). Note 5: These specifications apply for V+ = 5V, unless otherwise stated. For the LM392 LM392, temperature specifications are limited to 0°C TA +70°C. Note 6: At output switch point, VO . 1.4V, RS = 0 with V+ from 5V to 30V; and over the full input common-mode range (0V to V+ - 1.5V). Note 7: The direction of the input current is out of the IC due to the PNP input stage. This current is essentially constant, independent of the state of the output so no loading change exists on the input lines. Note 8: The input common-mode voltage or either input signal voltage should not be allowed to go negative by more than 0.3V. The upper end of the common-mode voltage range is V+ - 1.5V, but either or both inputs can go to 32V without damage. Note 9: Due to proximity of external components, insure that coupling is not originating via the stray capacitance between these external parts. This typically can be detected as this type of capacitive coupling increases at higher frequencies. Note 10: Positive excursions of input voltage may exceed the power supply level. As long as the other input voltage remains within the common-mode range, the comparator will provide a proper output state. The input voltage to the op amp should not exceed the power supply level. The input voltage state must not be less than -0.3V (or 0.3V below the magnitude of the negative power supply, if used) on either amplifier. Note 11: The response time specified is for a 100 mV input step with 5 mV overdrive. For larger overdrive signals 300 ns can be obtained. 3 www.national.com LM392 LM392 Schematic Diagram DS007793-2 DS007793-2 Application Hints Please refer to the application hints section of the LM193 LM193 and the LM158 LM158 datasheets. www.national.com 4 LM392 LM392 Physical Dimensions inches (millimeters) unless otherwise noted S.O. Package (M) Order Number LM392M LM392M or LM392MX LM392MX NS Package Number M08A Molded Dual-In-Line Package (N) Order Number LM392N LM392N NS Package Number N08E 5 www.national.com LM392 LM392 Low Power Operational Amplifier/Voltage Comparator Notes LIFE SUPPORT POLICY NATIONAL'S PRODUCTS ARE NOT AUTHORIZED FOR USE AS CRITICAL COMPONENTS IN LIFE SUPPORT DEVICES OR SYSTEMS WITHOUT THE EXPRESS WRITTEN APPROVAL OF THE PRESIDENT AND GENERAL COUNSEL OF NATIONAL SEMICONDUCTOR CORPORATION. As used herein: 1. Life support devices or systems are devices or systems which, (a) are intended for surgical implant into the body, or (b) support or sustain life, and whose failure to perform when properly used in accordance with instructions for use provided in the labeling, can be reasonably expected to result in a significant injury to the user. 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