LM158/LM258/LM358/LM2904 LM158 LM1558/LM1458 DS007787-1 LM158AH LM158AH/883 - Datasheet Archive
Low Power Dual Operational Amplifiers General Description Advantages The LM158 series consists of two independent, high gain,
LM158/LM258/LM358/LM2904 LM158/LM258/LM358/LM2904 Low Power Dual Operational Amplifiers General Description Advantages The LM158 LM158 series consists of two independent, high gain, internally frequency compensated operational amplifiers which were designed specifically to operate from a single power supply over a wide range of voltages. Operation from split power supplies is also possible and the low power supply current drain is independent of the magnitude of the power supply voltage. Application areas include transducer amplifiers, dc gain blocks and all the conventional op amp circuits which now can be more easily implemented in single power supply systems. For example, the LM158 LM158 series can be directly operated off of the standard +5V power supply voltage which is used in digital systems and will easily provide the required interface electronics without requiring the additional ± 15V power supplies. n Two internally compensated op amps in a single package n Eliminates need for dual supplies n Allows directly sensing near GND and VOUT also goes to GND n Compatible with all forms of logic n Power drain suitable for battery operation n Pin-out same as LM1558/LM1458 LM1558/LM1458 dual operational amplifier Unique Characteristics n In the linear mode the input common-mode voltage range includes ground and the output voltage can also swing to ground, even though operated from only a single power supply voltage. n The unity gain cross frequency is temperature compensated. n The input bias current is also temperature compensated. Connection Diagrams Features n Internally frequency compensated for unity gain n Large dc voltage gain: 100 dB n Wide bandwidth (unity gain): 1 MHz (temperature compensated) n Wide power supply range: - Single supply: 3V to 32V - or dual supplies: ± 1.5V to ± 16V n Very low supply current drain (500 µA) - essentially independent of supply voltage n Low input offset voltage: 2 mV n Input common-mode voltage range includes ground n Differential input voltage range equal to the power supply voltage n Large output voltage swing: 0V to V+- 1.5V (Top Views) Metal Can Package DIP/SO Package DS007787-1 DS007787-1 Order Number LM158AH LM158AH, LM158AH/883 LM158AH/883 (Note 1), LM158H LM158H, LM158H/883 LM158H/883 (Note 1), LM258H LM258H or LM358H LM358H See NS Package Number H08C DS007787-2 DS007787-2 Order Number LM158J LM158J, LM158J/883 LM158J/883 (Note 1), LM158AJ LM158AJ or LM158AJ/883 LM158AJ/883 (Note 1) See NS Package Number J08A Order Number LM358M LM358M, LM358AM LM358AM or LM2904M LM2904M See NS Package Number M08A Order Number LM358AN LM358AN, LM358N LM358N or LM2904N LM2904N See NS Package Number N08E Note 1: LM158 LM158 is available per SMD #5962-8771001 LM158A LM158A is available per SMD #5962-8771002 © 1999 National Semiconductor Corporation DS007787 DS007787 www.national.com LM158/LM258/LM358/LM2904 LM158/LM258/LM358/LM2904 Low Power Dual Operational Amplifiers March 1998 Absolute Maximum Ratings (Note 10) If Military/Aerospace specified devices are required, please contact the National Semiconductor Sales Office/ Distributors for availability and specifications. LM158/LM258/LM358 LM158/LM258/LM358 LM158A/LM258A/LM358A LM158A/LM258A/LM358A 32V 32V -0.3V to +32V LM2904 LM2904 26V Supply Voltage, V+ Differential Input Voltage 26V Input Voltage -0.3V to +26V Power Dissipation (Note 2) Molded DIP 830 mW 830 mW Metal Can 550 mW Small Outline Package (M) 530 mW 530 mW Output Short-Circuit to GND (One Amplifier) (Note 3) Continuous Continuous V+ 15V and TA = 25°C 50 mA 50 mA Input Current (VIN < -0.3V) (Note 4) Operating Temperature Range LM358 LM358 0°C to +70°C -40°C to +85°C LM258 LM258 -25°C to +85°C LM158 LM158 -55°C to +125°C Storage Temperature Range -65°C to +150°C -65°C to +150°C Lead Temperature, DIP (Soldering, 10 seconds) 260°C 260°C Lead Temperature, Metal Can (Soldering, 10 seconds) 300°C 300°C Soldering Information Dual-In-Line Package Soldering (10 seconds) 260°C 260°C Small Outline Package Vapor Phase (60 seconds) 215°C 215°C Infrared (15 seconds) 220°C 220°C See AN-450 AN-450 "Surface Mounting Methods and Their Effect on Product Reliability" for other methods of soldering surface mount devices. ESD Tolerance (Note 11) 250V 250V Electrical Characteristics V+ = +5.0V, unless otherwise stated Parameter Conditions LM158A LM158A Min Typ LM358A LM358A Max Min Typ LM158/LM258 LM158/LM258 Max Min Typ Units Max Input Offset Voltage (Note 6), TA = 25°C 1 2 2 3 2 5 mV Input Bias Current IIN(+) or IIN(-), TA = 25°C, VCM = 0V, (Note 7) 20 50 45 100 45 150 nA Input Offset Current IIN(+) - IIN(-), VCM = 0V, TA = 25°C V+ = 30V, (Note 8) (LM2904 LM2904, V+ = 26V), TA = 25°C 30 nA Input Common-Mode Voltage Range Supply Current 2 Over Full Temperature Range RL = on All Op Amps V+ = 30V (LM2904 LM2904 V+ = 26V) 5 30 V+-1.5 0 3 V+-1.5 0 V 1 2 2 1 2 1 2 mA 0.5 V+ = 5V www.national.com 10 V+-1.5 0 1.2 0.5 1.2 0.5 1.2 mA Electrical Characteristics V+ = +5.0V, unless otherwise stated Parameter Conditions LM358 LM358 Min Typ LM2904 LM2904 Max Min Units Typ Max Input Offset Voltage (Note 6) , TA = 25°C 2 7 2 7 mV Input Bias Current IIN(+) or IIN(-), TA = 25°C, VCM = 0V, (Note 7) 45 250 45 250 nA Input Offset Current IIN(+) - IIN(-), VCM = 0V, TA = 25°C V+ = 30V, (Note 8) (LM2904 LM2904, V+ = 26V), TA = 25°C 50 nA V+-1.5 V Input Common-Mode Voltage Range Supply Current 5 50 5 V+-1.5 0 Over Full Temperature Range RL = on All Op Amps V+ = 30V (LM2904 LM2904 V+ = 26V) 0 1 2 1 2 mA 0.5 V+ = 5V 1.2 0.5 1.2 mA Electrical Characteristics V+ = +5.0V, (Note 5), unless otherwise stated Parameter Conditions Gain V+ = 15V, TA = 25°C, RL 2 k, (For VO = 1V Common-Mode to 11V) TA = 25°C, Large Signal Voltage Rejection Ratio VCM = 0V to V+-1.5V V+ = 5V to 30V (LM2904 LM2904, V+ = 5V Amplifier-to-Amplifier LM158A LM158A Min Typ Power Supply Coupling Output Current Source Sink VIN- = 1V, VIN+ = 0V Input Offset Voltage Input Offset Voltage Input Offset Current 100 50 100 V/mV 70 85 65 85 70 85 dB 65 100 65 100 65 100 dB -120 dB -120 Input Bias Current Voltage Range -120 20 40 20 40 20 40 mA 10 20 10 20 10 20 mA TA = 25°C, VO = 200 mV, V+ = 15V TA = 25°C, (Note 3), V+ = 15V 12 50 12 50 12 50 µA 40 (Note 6) RS = 0 7 IIN(+) - IIN(-) RS = 0 IIN(+) or IIN(-) V+ = 30 V, (Note 8) (LM2904 LM2904, V+ = 26V) 60 40 4 60 40 15 7 20 75 mV µV/°C 100 200 10 300 10 40 3 mA 7 10 0 60 7 5 30 Drift Input Common-Mode Units Max 25 Drift Input Offset Current Min Typ VO = 2V, TA = 25°C VIN- = 1V, VIN+ = 0V V+ = 15V, TA = 25°C, VO = 2V Short Circuit to Ground LM158/LM258 LM158/LM258 Max 100 (Input Referred), (Note 9) VIN+ = 1V, VIN- = 0V, V+ = 15V, Min Typ 50 to 26V), TA = 25°C f = 1 kHz to 20 kHz, TA = 25°C Rejection Ratio LM358A LM358A Max 100 40 200 40 + V -2 0 + V -2 0 nA pA/°C 300 + V -2 nA V www.national.com Electrical Characteristics (Continued) V+ = +5.0V, (Note 5), unless otherwise stated Parameter Conditions LM158A LM158A Min Typ Gain V+ = +15V (VO = 1V to 11V) Output Min Typ 25 RL 2 k V+ = +30V LM358A LM358A Max 26 Large Signal Voltage VOH Voltage Swing VOL Output Current Source Sink RL = 2 k (LM2904 LM2904, V+ = 26V) RL = 10 k V+ = 5V, RL = 10 k VIN+ = +1V, VIN- = 0V, V+ = 15V, VO = 2V VIN = +1V, VIN+ = 0V, V+ = 15V, VO = 2V 27 LM158/LM258 LM158/LM258 Max 15 5 V/mV 26 27 28 20 5 Units Max 25 26 28 Min Typ V 27 28 20 V 5 20 mV 10 20 10 20 10 20 mA 10 15 5 8 5 8 mA - Electrical Characteristics V+ = +5.0V, (Note 5), unless otherwise stated Parameter LM358 LM358 Conditions Gain Rejection Ratio Amplifier-to-Amplifier 100 25 100 V/mV 85 50 70 dB 100 50 100 dB -120 dB to 26V), TA = 25°C f = 1 kHz to 20 kHz, TA = 25°C Power Supply Coupling Output Current Source -120 (Input Referred), (Note 9) VIN+ = 1V, VIN- = 0V, V+ = 15V, Sink 20 Input Offset Voltage 40 20 40 mA 10 20 10 20 mA 12 VIN- = 1V, VIN+ = 0V Input Offset Voltage TA = 25°C, VO = 200 mV, V+ = 15V TA = 25°C, (Note 3), V+ = 15V 50 12 50 µA 40 (Note 6) RS = 0 Input Offset Current Input Bias Current Voltage Range www.national.com 40 IIN(+) - IIN(-) RS = 0 45 10 40 0 4 mA mV 7 150 IIN(+) or IIN(-) V+ = 30 V, (Note 8) (LM2904 LM2904, V+ = 26V) 60 10 7 Drift Input Common-Mode 60 9 Drift Input Offset Current Max VO = 2V, TA = 25°C VIN- = 1V, VIN+ = 0V V+ = 15V, TA = 25°C, VO = 2V Short Circuit to Ground Max Units Typ 65 VCM = 0V to V+-1.5V V+ = 5V to 30V (LM2904 LM2904, V+ = 5V Rejection Ratio LM2904 LM2904 Min 65 to 11V) TA = 25°C, Large Signal Voltage Typ 25 V+ = 15V, TA = 25°C, RL 2 k, (For VO = 1V Common-Mode Min µV/°C 200 10 500 + V -2 40 0 nA pA/°C 500 + V -2 nA V Electrical Characteristics (Continued) V+ = +5.0V, (Note 5), unless otherwise stated Parameter LM358 LM358 Conditions Gain V+ = +15V (VO = 1V to 11V) Output VOH RL 2 k V+ = +30V VOL (LM2904 LM2904, V+ = 26V) V+ = 5V, RL = 10 k Min Large Signal Voltage Voltage Swing Output Current Source Sink Typ LM2904 LM2904 Max 15 RL = 2 k RL = 10 k Units Max V/mV 22 28 5 VIN+ = +1V, VIN- = 0V, V+ = 15V, VO = 2V Typ 15 26 27 Min 23 20 V 24 5 V 100 mV 10 10 20 mA 5 VIN = +1V, VIN+ = 0V, V+ = 15V, VO = 2V 20 8 5 8 mA - Note 2: For operating at high temperatures, the LM358/LM358A LM358/LM358A, LM2904 LM2904 must be derated based on a +125°C maximum junction temperature and a thermal resistance of 120°C/W which applies for the device soldered in a printed circuit board, operating in a still air ambient. The LM258/LM258A LM258/LM258A and LM158/LM158A LM158/LM158A can be derated based on a +150°C maximum junction temperature. The dissipation is the total of both amplifiers - use external resistors, where possible, to allow the amplifier to saturate or to reduce the power which is dissipated in the integrated circuit. Note 3: Short circuits from the output to V+ can cause excessive heating and eventual destruction. When considering short cirucits to ground, the maximum output current is approximately 40 mA independent of the magnitude of V+. At values of supply voltage in excess of +15V, continuous short-circuits can exceed the power dissipation ratings and cause eventual destruction. Destructive dissipation can result from simultaneous shorts on all amplifiers. Note 4: This input current will only exist when the voltage at any of the input leads is driven negative. It is due to the collector-base junction of the input PNP transistors becoming forward biased and thereby acting as input diode clamps. In addition to this diode action, there is also lateral NPN parasitic transistor action on the IC chip. This transistor action can cause the output voltages of the op amps to go to the V+voltage level (or to ground for a large overdrive) for the time duration that an input is driven negative. This is not destructive and normal output states will re-establish when the input voltage, which was negative, again returns to a value greater than -0.3V (at 25°C). Note 5: These specifications are limited to -55°C TA +125°C for the LM158/LM158A LM158/LM158A. With the LM258/LM258A LM258/LM258A, all temperature specifications are limited to -25°C TA +85°C, the LM358/LM358A LM358/LM358A temperature specifications are limited to 0°C TA +70°C, and the LM2904 LM2904 specifications are limited to -40°C TA +85°C. Note 6: VO 1.4V, RS = 0 with V+ from 5V to 30V; and over the full input common-mode range (0V to V+ -1.5V) at 25°C. For LM2904 LM2904, V+ from 5V to 26V. Note 7: The direction of the input current is out of the IC due to the PNP input stage. This current is essentially constant, independent of the state of the output so no loading change exists on the input lines. Note 8: The input common-mode voltage of either input signal voltage should not be allowed to go negative by more than 0.3V (at 25°C). The upper end of the common-mode voltage range is V+ -1.5V (at 25°C), but either or both inputs can go to +32V without damage (+26V for LM2904 LM2904), independent of the magnitude of V+. Note 9: Due to proximity of external components, insure that coupling is not originating via stray capacitance between these external parts. This typically can be detected as this type of capacitance increases at higher frequencies. Note 10: Refer to RETS158AX RETS158AX for LM158A LM158A military specifications and to RETS158X RETS158X for LM158 LM158 military specifications. Note 11: Human body model, 1.5 k in series with 100 pF. Typical Performance Characteristics Input Voltage Range Input Current Supply Current DS007787-34 DS007787-34 DS007787-35 DS007787-35 5 DS007787-36 DS007787-36 www.national.com Typical Performance Characteristics Voltage Gain (Continued) Open Loop Frequency Response Common-Mode Rejection Ratio DS007787-37 DS007787-37 DS007787-38 DS007787-38 DS007787-39 DS007787-39 Voltage Follower Pulse Response Voltage Follower Pulse Response (Small Signal) DS007787-40 DS007787-40 Output Characteristics Current Sourcing Large Signal Frequency Response DS007787-41 DS007787-41 Output Characteristics Current Sinking DS007787-42 DS007787-42 Current Limiting DS007787-45 DS007787-45 DS007787-43 DS007787-43 www.national.com DS007787-44 DS007787-44 6 Typical Performance Characteristics (Continued) Input Current (LM2902 LM2902 only) Voltage Gain (LM2902 LM2902 only) DS007787-46 DS007787-46 DS007787-47 DS007787-47 Capacitive loads which are applied directly to the output of the amplifier reduce the loop stability margin. Values of 50 pF can be accomodated using the worst-case non-inverting unity gain connection. Large closed loop gains or resistive isolation should be used if larger load capacitance must be driven by the amplifier. The bias network of the LM158 LM158 establishes a drain current which is independent of the magnitude of the power supply voltage over the range of 3 VDC to 30 VDC. Output short circuits either to ground or to the positive power supply should be of short time duration. Units can be destroyed, not as a result of the short circuit current causing metal fusing, but rather due to the large increase in IC chip dissipation which will cause eventual failure due to excessive function temperatures. Putting direct short-circuits on more than one amplifier at a time will increase the total IC power dissipation to destructive levels, if not properly protected with external dissipation limiting resistors in series with the output leads of the amplifiers. The larger value of output source current which is available at 25°C provides a larger output current capability at elevated temperatures (see typical performance characteristics) than a standard IC op amp. The circuits presented in the section on typical applications emphasize operation on only a single power supply voltage. If complementary power supplies are available, all of the standard op amp circuits can be used. In general, introducing a pseudo-ground (a bias voltage reference of V+/2) will allow operation above and below this value in single power supply systems. Many application circuits are shown which take advantage of the wide input common-mode voltage range which includes ground. In most cases, input biasing is not required and input voltages which range to ground can easily be accommodated. Application Hints The LM158 LM158 series are op amps which operate with only a single power supply voltage, have true-differential inputs, and remain in the linear mode with an input common-mode voltage of 0 VDC. These amplifiers operate over a wide range of power supply voltage with little change in performance characteristics. At 25°C amplifier operation is possible down to a minimum supply voltage of 2.3 VDC. Precautions should be taken to insure that the power supply for the integrated circuit never becomes reversed in polarity or that the unit is not inadvertently installed backwards in a test socket as an unlimited current surge through the resulting forward diode within the IC could cause fusing of the internal conductors and result in a destroyed unit. Large differential input voltages can be easily accomodated and, as input differential voltage protection diodes are not needed, no large input currents result from large differential input voltages. The differential input voltage may be larger than V+ without damaging the device. Protection should be provided to prevent the input voltages from going negative more than -0.3 VDC (at 25°C). An input clamp diode with a resistor to the IC input terminal can be used. To reduce the power supply current drain, the amplifiers have a class A output stage for small signal levels which converts to class B in a large signal mode. This allows the amplifiers to both source and sink large output currents. Therefore both NPN and PNP external current boost transistors can be used to extend the power capability of the basic amplifiers. The output voltage needs to raise approximately 1 diode drop above ground to bias the on-chip vertical PNP transistor for output current sinking applications. For ac applications, where the load is capacitively coupled to the output of the amplifier, a resistor should be used, from the output of the amplifier to ground to increase the class A bias current and prevent crossover distortion. Where the load is directly coupled, as in dc applications, there is no crossover distortion. 7 www.national.com Typical Single-Supply Applications (V+ = 5.0 VDC) Non-Inverting DC Gain (0V Output) DS007787-7 DS007787-7 DS007787-6 DS007787-6 *R not needed due to temperature independent IIN DC Summing Amplifier (VIN'S 0 VDC and VO 0 VDC) Power Amplifier DS007787-9 DS007787-9 DS007787-8 DS007787-8 VO = 0 VDC for VIN = 0 VDC AV = 10 Where: VO = V1 + V2 + V3 + V4 (V1 + V2) (V3 + V4) to keep VO > 0 VDC www.national.com 8 Typical Single-Supply Applications (V+ = 5.0 VDC) (Continued) "BI-QUAD" RC Active Bandpass Filter DS007787-10 DS007787-10 fo = 1 kHz Q = 50 Av = 100 (40 dB) Fixed Current Sources Lamp Driver DS007787-12 DS007787-12 DS007787-11 DS007787-11 9 www.national.com Typical Single-Supply Applications (V+ = 5.0 VDC) (Continued) Current Monitor LED Driver DS007787-13 DS007787-13 DS007787-14 DS007787-14 *(Increase R1 for IL small) VL V+ -2V Driving TTL Voltage Follower DS007787-15 DS007787-15 DS007787-17 DS007787-17 VO = VIN Pulse Generator DS007787-16 DS007787-16 www.national.com 10 Typical Single-Supply Applications (V+ = 5.0 VDC) (Continued) Pulse Generator Squarewave Oscillator DS007787-18 DS007787-18 DS007787-19 DS007787-19 Low Drift Peak Detector DS007787-20 DS007787-20 HIGH ZIN LOW ZOUT 11 www.national.com Typical Single-Supply Applications (V+ = 5.0 VDC) (Continued) Comparator with Hysteresis High Compliance Current Sink DS007787-22 DS007787-22 DS007787-21 DS007787-21 IO = 1 amp/volt VIN (Increase RE for IO small) Voltage Controlled Oscillator (VCO) DS007787-23 DS007787-23 *WIDE CONTROL VOLTAGE RANGE: 0 VDC VC 2 (V+ -1.5V DC) www.national.com 12 Typical Single-Supply Applications (V+ = 5.0 VDC) (Continued) AC Coupled Inverting Amplifier DS007787-24 DS007787-24 Ground Referencing a Differential Input Signal DS007787-25 DS007787-25 13 www.national.com Typical Single-Supply Applications (V+ = 5.0 VDC) (Continued) AC Coupled Non-Inverting Amplifier DS007787-26 DS007787-26 Av = 11 (As Shown) DC Coupled Low-Pass RC Active Filter DS007787-27 DS007787-27 fo = 1 kHz Q=1 AV = 2 www.national.com 14 Typical Single-Supply Applications (V+ = 5.0 VDC) (Continued) Bandpass Active Filter DS007787-28 DS007787-28 fo = 1 kHz Q = 25 High Input Z, DC Differential Amplifier DS007787-29 DS007787-29 15 www.national.com Typical Single-Supply Applications (V+ = 5.0 VDC) (Continued) Bridge Current Amplifier Photo Voltaic-Cell Amplifier DS007787-30 DS007787-30 DS007787-33 DS007787-33 High Input Z Adjustable-Gain DC Instrumentation Amplifier DS007787-31 DS007787-31 www.national.com 16 Typical Single-Supply Applications (V+ = 5.0 VDC) (Continued) Using Symmetrical Amplifiers to Reduce Input Current (General Concept) DS007787-32 DS007787-32 Schematic Diagram (Each Amplifier) DS007787-3 DS007787-3 17 www.national.com Physical Dimensions inches (millimeters) unless otherwise noted Metal Can Package (H) Order Number LM158AH LM158AH, LM158AH/883 LM158AH/883, LM158H LM158H, LM158H/883 LM158H/883, LM258H LM258H or LM358H LM358H NS Package Number H08C Cerdip Package (J) Order Number LM158J LM158J, LM158J/883 LM158J/883, LM158AJ LM158AJ or LM158AJ/883 LM158AJ/883 NS Package Number J08A www.national.com 18 Physical Dimensions inches (millimeters) unless otherwise noted (Continued) S.O. Package (M) Order Number LM358M LM358M, LM358AM LM358AM or LM2904M LM2904M NS Package Number M08A Molded Dip Package (N) Order Number LM358AN LM358AN, LM358N LM358N or LM2904N LM2904N NS Package Number N08E 19 www.national.com LM158/LM258/LM358/LM2904 LM158/LM258/LM358/LM2904 Low Power Dual Operational Amplifiers Notes LIFE SUPPORT POLICY NATIONAL'S PRODUCTS ARE NOT AUTHORIZED FOR USE AS CRITICAL COMPONENTS IN LIFE SUPPORT DEVICES OR SYSTEMS WITHOUT THE EXPRESS WRITTEN APPROVAL OF THE PRESIDENT OF NATIONAL SEMICONDUCTOR CORPORATION. As used herein: 1. Life support devices or systems are devices or systems which, (a) are intended for surgical implant into the body, or (b) support or sustain life, and whose failure to perform when properly used in accordance with instructions for use provided in the labeling, can be reasonably expected to result in a significant injury to the user. National Semiconductor Corporation Americas Tel: 1-800-272-9959 Fax: 1-800-737-7018 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org www.national.com National Semiconductor Europe Fax: +49 (0) 1 80-530 85 86 Email: email@example.com Deutsch Tel: +49 (0) 1 80-530 85 85 English Tel: +49 (0) 1 80-532 78 32 Français Tel: +49 (0) 1 80-532 93 58 Italiano Tel: +49 (0) 1 80-534 16 80 2. A critical component is any component of a life support device or system whose failure to perform can be reasonably expected to cause the failure of the life support device or system, or to affect its safety or effectiveness. National Semiconductor Asia Pacific Customer Response Group Tel: 65-2544466 Fax: 65-2504466 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org National Semiconductor Japan Ltd. Tel: 81-3-5639-7560 Fax: 81-3-5639-7507 National does not assume any responsibility for use of any circuitry described, no circuit patent licenses are implied and National reserves the right at any time without notice to change said circuitry and specifications.