HCS360 HCS300 TB003 0000H HCS200/300/301 0060H 0050H 0048H 31XTE 55VDD 15VDD - Datasheet Archive
KEELOQ® Code Hopping Encoder FEATURES DESCRIPTION Security The HCS360 is a code hopping encoder designed for secure Remote
HCS360 HCS360 KEELOQ® Code Hopping Encoder FEATURES DESCRIPTION Security The HCS360 HCS360 is a code hopping encoder designed for secure Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) systems. The HCS360 HCS360 utilizes the KEELOQ code hopping technology, which incorporates high security, a small package outline and low cost, to make this device a perfect solution for unidirectional remote keyless entry systems and access control systems. · · · · · · Programmable 28/32-bit serial number Programmable 64-bit encryption key Each transmission is unique 67-bit transmission code length 32-bit hopping code 35-bit fixed code (28/32-bit serial number, 4/0-bit function code, 1-bit status, 2-bit CRC) · Encryption keys are read protected PACKAGE TYPES PDIP, SOIC Operating S1 3 S3 Easy-to-use programming interface On-chip EEPROM On-chip oscillator and timing components Button inputs have internal pull-down resistors Current limiting on LED output Minimum component count LED 6 DATA VSS BLOCK DIAGRAM Other · · · · · · 7 4 VDD 5 2 S2 8 1 HCS360 HCS360 · 2.0-6.6V operation · Four button inputs - 15 functions available · Selectable baud rate · Automatic code word completion · Battery low signal transmitted to receiver · Nonvolatile synchronization data · PWM and Manchester modulation S0 Oscillator Power latching and switching Controller RESET circuit LED LED driver EEPROM Encoder Enhanced Features Over HCS300 HCS300 · · · · · · 48-bit seed vs. 32-bit seed 2-bit CRC for error detection 28/32-bit serial number select Two seed transmission methods PWM and Manchester modulation IR Modulation mode Typical Applications The HCS360 HCS360 is ideal for Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) applications. These applications include: · · · · · · Automotive RKE systems Automotive alarm systems Automotive immobilizers Gate and garage door openers Identity tokens Burglar alarm systems © 2002 Microchip Technology Inc. DATA 32-bit shift register VSS Button input port VDD S3 S2 S1 S0 The HCS360 HCS360 combines a 32-bit hopping code generated by a nonlinear encryption algorithm, with a 28/32-bit serial number and 7/3 status bits to create a 67-bit transmission stream. DS40152E-page 1 HCS360 HCS360 The crypt key, serial number and configuration data are stored in an EEPROM array which is not accessible via any external connection. The EEPROM data is programmable but read-protected. The data can be verified only after an automatic erase and programming operation. This protects against attempts to gain access to keys or manipulate synchronization values. The HCS360 HCS360 provides an easy-to-use serial interface for programming the necessary keys, system parameters and configuration data. 1.0 SYSTEM OVERVIEW Key Terms The following is a list of key terms used throughout this data sheet. For additional information on KEELOQ and Code Hopping, refer to Technical Brief 3 (TB003 TB003). · RKE - Remote Keyless Entry · Button Status - Indicates what button input(s) activated the transmission. Encompasses the 4 button status bits S3, S2, S1 and S0 (Figure 3-1). · Code Hopping - A method by which a code, viewed externally to the system, appears to change unpredictably each time it is transmitted. · Code word - A block of data that is repeatedly transmitted upon button activation (Figure 3-1). · Transmission - A data stream consisting of repeating code words (Figure 8-1). · Crypt key - A unique and secret 64-bit number used to encrypt and decrypt data. In a symmetrical block cipher such as the KEELOQ algorithm, the encryption and decryption keys are equal and will therefore be referred to generally as the crypt key. · Encoder - A device that generates and encodes data. · Encryption Algorithm - A recipe whereby data is scrambled using a crypt key. The data can only be interpreted by the respective decryption algorithm using the same crypt key. · Decoder - A device that decodes data received from an encoder. · Decryption algorithm - A recipe whereby data scrambled by an encryption algorithm can be unscrambled using the same crypt key. · Learn Learning involves the receiver calculating the transmitter's appropriate crypt key, decrypting the received hopping code and storing the serial number, synchronization counter value and crypt key in EEPROM. The KEELOQ product family facilitates several learning strategies to be implemented on the decoder. The following are examples of what can be done. - Simple Learning The receiver uses a fixed crypt key, common to all components of all systems by the same manufacturer, to decrypt the received code word's encrypted portion. - Normal Learning The receiver uses information transmitted during normal operation to derive the crypt key and decrypt the received code word's encrypted portion. - Secure Learn The transmitter is activated through a special button combination to transmit a stored 60-bit seed value used to generate the transmitter's crypt key. The receiver uses this seed value to derive the same crypt key and decrypt the received code word's encrypted portion. · Manufacturer's code A unique and secret 64bit number used to generate unique encoder crypt keys. Each encoder is programmed with a crypt key that is a function of the manufacturer's code. Each decoder is programmed with the manufacturer code itself. The HCS360 HCS360 code hopping encoder is designed specifically for keyless entry systems; primarily vehicles and home garage door openers. The encoder portion of a keyless entry system is integrated into a transmitter, carried by the user and operated to gain access to a vehicle or restricted area. The HCS360 HCS360 is meant to be a cost-effective yet secure solution to such systems, requiring very few external components (Figure 2-1). Most low-end keyless entry transmitters are given a fixed identification code that is transmitted every time a button is pushed. The number of unique identification codes in a low-end system is usually a relatively small number. These shortcomings provide an opportunity for a sophisticated thief to create a device that `grabs' a transmission and retransmits it later, or a device that quickly `scans' all possible identification codes until the correct one is found. The HCS360 HCS360, on the other hand, employs the KEELOQ code hopping technology coupled with a transmission length of 66 bits to virtually eliminate the use of code `grabbing' or code `scanning'. The high security level of the HCS360 HCS360 is based on the patented KEELOQ technology. A block cipher based on a block length of 32 bits and a key length of 64 bits is used. The algorithm obscures the information in such a way that even if the transmission information (before coding) differs by only one bit from that of the previous transmission, the next DS40152E-page 2 © 2002 Microchip Technology Inc. HCS360 HCS360 coded transmission will be completely different. Statistically, if only one bit in the 32-bit string of information changes, greater than 50 percent of the coded transmission bits will change. As indicated in the block diagram on page one, the HCS360 HCS360 has a small EEPROM array which must be loaded with several parameters before use; most often programmed by the manufacturer at the time of production. The most important of these are: The crypt key generation typically inputs the transmitter serial number and 64-bit manufacturer's code into the key generation algorithm (Figure 1-1). The manufacturer's code is chosen by the system manufacturer and must be carefully controlled as it is a pivotal part of the overall system security. · A 28-bit serial number, typically unique for every encoder · A crypt key · An initial 16-bit synchronization value · A 16-bit configuration value FIGURE 1-1: CREATION AND STORAGE OF CRYPT KEY DURING PRODUCTION Production Programmer HCS360 HCS360 Transmitter Serial Number EEPROM Array Serial Number Crypt Key Sync Counter Manufacturer's Code Key Generation Algorithm The 16-bit synchronization counter is the basis behind the transmitted code word changing for each transmission; it increments each time a button is pressed. Due to the code hopping algorithm's complexity, each increment of the synchronization value results in greater than 50% of the bits changing in the transmitted code word. Figure 1-2 shows how the key values in EEPROM are used in the encoder. Once the encoder detects a button press, it reads the button inputs and updates the synchronization counter. The synchronization counter and crypt key are input to the encryption algorithm and the output is 32 bits of encrypted information. This data will change with every button press, its value appearing externally to `randomly hop around', hence it is referred to as the hopping portion of the code word. The 32-bit hopping code is combined with the button information and serial number to form the code word transmitted to the receiver. The code word format is explained in greater detail in Section 4.2. Crypt Key . . . A transmitter must first be `learned' by the receiver before its use is allowed in the system. Learning includes calculating the transmitter's appropriate crypt key, decrypting the received hopping code and storing the serial number, synchronization counter value and crypt key in EEPROM. In normal operation, each received message of valid format is evaluated. The serial number is used to determine if it is from a learned transmitter. If from a learned transmitter, the message is decrypted and the synchronization counter is verified. Finally, the button status is checked to see what operation is requested. Figure 1-3 shows the relationship between some of the values stored by the receiver and the values received from the transmitter. A receiver may use any type of controller as a decoder, but it is typically a microcontroller with compatible firmware that allows the decoder to operate in conjunction with an HCS360 HCS360 based transmitter. Section 7.0 provides detail on integrating the HCS360 HCS360 into a system. © 2002 Microchip Technology Inc. DS40152E-page 3 HCS360 HCS360 FIGURE 1-2: BUILDING THE TRANSMITTED CODE WORD (ENCODER) EEPROM Array KEELOQ Encryption Algorithm Crypt Key Sync Counter Serial Number Button Press Information Serial Number 32 Bits Encrypted Data Transmitted Information FIGURE 1-3: BASIC OPERATION OF RECEIVER (DECODER) 1 Received Information EEPROM Array Button Press Information Serial Number 2 32 Bits of Encrypted Data Manufacturer Code Check for Match Serial Number Sync Counter Crypt Key 3 KEELOQ Decryption Algorithm Decrypted Synchronization Counter 4 Check for Match Perform Function 5 Indicated by button press NOTE: Circled numbers indicate the order of execution. DS40152E-page 4 © 2002 Microchip Technology Inc. HCS360 HCS360 2.0 DEVICE OPERATION As shown in the typical application circuits (Figure 2-1), the HCS360 HCS360 is a simple device to use. It requires only the addition of buttons and RF circuitry for use as the transmitter in your security application. A description of each pin is described in Table 2-1. FIGURE 2-1: TYPICAL CIRCUITS VDD B0 S0 VDD B1 S1 LED S2 DATA S3 discrimination value and button information will be encrypted to form the hopping code. The hopping code portion will change every transmission, even if the same button is pushed again. A code word that has been transmitted will not repeat for more than 64K transmissions. This provides more than 18 years of use before a code is repeated; based on 10 operations per day. Overflow information sent from the encoder can be used to extend the number of unique transmissions to more than 192K. If in the transmit process it is detected that a new button(s) has been pressed, a RESET will immediately occur and the current code word will not be completed. Please note that buttons removed will not have any effect on the code word unless no buttons remain pressed; in which case the code word will be completed and the power-down will occur. VSS Tx out FIGURE 2-2: ENCODER OPERATION Two button remote control Power-Up (A button has been pressed) VDD B4 B3 B2 B1 B0 RESET and Debounce Delay (10 ms) S0 S1 LED S2 DATA S3 Sample Inputs VDD VSS Update Sync Info Tx out Encrypt With Crypt Key Five button remote control (Note1) Note: Load Transmit Register Up to 15 functions can be implemented by pressing more than one button simultaneously or by using a suitable diode array. TABLE 2-1: PIN DESCRIPTIONS Name Pin Number S0 1 Switch input 0 S1 2 Switch input 1 S2 3 Switch input 2 / Clock pin when in Programming mode Description Transmit Yes Buttons Added ? No S3 4 Switch input 3 VSS 5 6 Data output pin /Data I/O pin for Programming mode LED 7 Cathode connection for LED VDD 8 Yes Complete Code Word Transmission Ground reference DATA No All Buttons Released ? Positive supply voltage Stop The HCS360 HCS360 will wake-up upon detecting a button press and delay approximately 10 ms for button debounce (Figure 2-2). The synchronization counter, © 2002 Microchip Technology Inc. DS40152E-page 5 HCS360 HCS360 3.0 EEPROM MEMORY ORGANIZATION 3.2 SYNC_A, SYNC_B (Synchronization Counter) The HCS360 HCS360 contains 192 bits (12 x 16-bit words) of EEPROM memory (Table 3-1). This EEPROM array is used to store the crypt key information, synchronization value, etc. Further descriptions of the memory array is given in the following sections. This is the 16-bit synchronization value that is used to create the hopping code for transmission. This value is incremented after every transmission. Separate synchronization counters can be used to stay synchronized with different receivers. TABLE 3-1: 3.3 EEPROM MEMORY MAP WORD MNEMONIC ADDRESS 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 3.1 DESCRIPTION KEY_0 64-bit crypt key (word 0) LSb's KEY_1 64-bit crypt key (word 1) KEY_2 64-bit crypt key (word 2) KEY_3 64-bit crypt key (word 3) MSb's SYNC_A 16-bit synch counter SYNC_B/ 16-bit synch counter B SEED_2 or Seed value (word 2) RESERVED Set to 0000H 0000H SEED_0 Seed Value (word 0) LSb's SEED_1 Seed Value (word 1) MSb's SER_0 Device Serial Number (word 0) LSb's SER_1 Device Serial Number (word 1) MSb's CONFIG Configuration Word SEED_0, SEED_1, and SEED_2 (Seed Word) The three word (48 bits) seed code will be transmitted when seed transmission is selected. This allows the system designer to implement the Secure Learn feature or use this fixed code word as part of a different key generation/tracking process or purely as a fixed code transmission. Note: 3.4 Since SEED2 and SYNC_B share the same memory location, Secure Learn and Independent mode transmission (including IR mode) are mutually exclusive. SER_0, SER_1 (Encoder Serial Number) SER_0 and SER_1 are the lower and upper words of the device serial number, respectively. There are 32 bits allocated for the Serial Number and a selectable configuration bit determines whether 32 or 28 bits will be transmitted. The serial number is meant to be unique for every transmitter. KEY_0 - KEY_3 (64-Bit Crypt Key) The 64-bit crypt key is used to create the encrypted message transmitted to the receiver. This key is calculated and programmed during production using a key generation algorithm. The key generation algorithm may be different from the KEELOQ algorithm. Inputs to the key generation algorithm are typically the transmitter's serial number and the 64-bit manufacturer's code. While the key generation algorithm supplied from Microchip is the typical method used, a user may elect to create their own method of key generation. This may be done providing that the decoder is programmed with the same means of creating the key for decryption purposes. DS40152E-page 6 © 2002 Microchip Technology Inc. HCS360 HCS360 3.5 CONFIG (Configuration Word) BSEL 1 and BSEL 0 determine the baud rate according to Table 3-4 when Manchester modulation is selected. The Configuration Word is a 16-bit word stored in EEPROM array that is used by the device to store information used during the encryption process, as well as the status of option configurations. Further explanations of each of the bits are described in the following sections. TABLE 3-2: CONFIGURATION WORD. Bit Number Symbol Bit Description 0 LNGRD Long Guard Time 1 BSEL 0 Baud Rate Selection 2 BSEL 1 Baud Rate Selection 3 NU Not Used 4 SEED Seed Transmission enable 5 DELM Delay mode enable 6 TIMO Time-out enable 7 IND Independent mode enable 8 USRA0 User bit 9 USRA1 User bit 10 USRB0 User bit 11 USRB1 User bit 12 XSER Extended serial number enable 13 TMPSD Temporary seed transmission enable 14 MOD Manchester/PWM modulation selection 15 OVR Overflow bit 3.5.1 MOD: MODULATION FORMAT MOD selects between Manchester code modulation and PWM modulation. TABLE 3-4: MOD 1 1 1 1 3.5.3 BAUD RATE SELECTION BSEL 1 BSEL 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 TE Unit 800 400 400 200 us us us us OVR: OVERFLOW The overflow bit is used to extend the number of possible synchronization values. The synchronization counter is 16 bits in length, yielding 65,536 values before the cycle repeats. Under typical use of 10 operations a day, this will provide nearly 18 years of use before a repeated value will be used. Should the system designer conclude that is not adequate, then the overflow bit can be utilized to extend the number of unique values. This can be done by programming OVR to 1 at the time of production. The encoder will automatically clear OVR the first time that the transmitted synchronization value wraps from 0xFFFF to 0x0000. Once cleared, OVR cannot be set again, thereby creating a permanent record of the counter overflow. This prevents fast cycling of 64K counter. If the decoder system is programmed to track the overflow bits, then the effective number of unique synchronization values can be extended to 128K. If programmed to zero, the system will be compatible with old encoder devices. 3.5.4 LNGRD: LONG GUARD TIME LNGRD = 1 selects the encoder to extend the guard time between code words adding 50 ms. This can be used to reduce the average power transmitted over a 100 ms window and thereby transmit a higher peak power. If MOD = 1, Manchester modulation is selected: If MOD = 0, PWM modulation is selected. 3.5.2 BSEL 1, 0 BAUD RATE SELECTION BSEL 1 and BSEL 0 determine the baud rate according to Table 3-3 when PWM modulation is selected. TABLE 3-3: MOD 0 0 0 0 BAUD RATE SELECTION BSEL 1 BSEL 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 © 2002 Microchip Technology Inc. TE Unit 400 200 200 100 us us us us DS40152E-page 7 HCS360 HCS360 3.5.5 XSER: EXTENDED SERIAL NUMBER If XSER = 0, the four Most Significant bits of the Serial Number are substituted by S[3:0] and the code word format is compatible with the HCS200/300/301 HCS200/300/301. If XSER = 1, the full 32-bit Serial Number [SER_1, SER_0] is transmitted. Note: Since the button status S[3:0] is used to detect a Seed transmission, Extended Serial Number and Secure Learn are mutually exclusive. 3.5.6 DISCRIMINATION VALUE While in other KEELOQ encoders its value is user selectable, the HCS360 HCS360 uses directly the 8 Least Significant bits of the Serial Number as part of the information that form the encrypted portion of the transmission (Figure 3-1). The discrimination value aids the post-decryption check on the decoder end. After the receiver has decrypted a transmission, the discrimination bits are checked against the encoder Serial Number to verify that the decryption process was valid. 3.5.7 USRA,B: USER BITS User bits form part of the discrimination value. The user bits together with the IND bit can be used to identify the counter that is used in Independent mode. FIGURE 3-1: CODE WORD ORGANIZATION XSER=0 Fixed Code Portion of Transmission CRC (2-bit) Button Status (4 bits) VLOW (1-bit) 28-bit Serial Number Encrypted Portion of Transmission Discrimination bits (12 bits) Button Status (4 bits) 16-bit Sync Value MSB LSB 67 bits of Data Transmitted XSER=1 Fixed Code Portion of Transmission CRC (2-bit) VLOW (1-bit) 32-bit Extended Serial Number Encrypted Portion of Transmission Discrimination bits (12 bits) Button Status (4 bits) 16-bit Sync Value MSB LSB Button Status (4 bits) S S S 2 1 0 DS40152E-page 8 S 3 Discrimination Bits I N D O V R U S R 1 (12 bits) U S S E R R 0 7 S E R 6 . . . . S E R 0 © 2002 Microchip Technology Inc. HCS360 HCS360 3.5.8 SEED: ENABLE SEED TRANSMISSION If SEED = 0, seed transmission is disabled. The Independent Counter mode can only be used with seed transmission disabled since SEED_2 is shared with the second synchronization counter. With SEED = 1, seed transmission is enabled. The appropriate button code(s) must be activated to transmit the seed information. In this mode, the seed infor- FIGURE 3-2: mation (SEED_0, SEED_1, and SEED_2) and the upper 12 or 16 bits of the serial number (SER_1) are transmitted instead of the hop code. Seed transmission is available for function codes (Table 3-9) S[3:0] = 1001 and S[3:0] = 0011(delayed). This takes place regardless of the setting of the IND bit. The two seed transmissions are shown in Figure 3-2. Seed Transmission All examples shown with XSER = 1, SEED = 1 When S[3:0] = 1001, delay is not acceptable. CRC+VLOW SER_1 SEED_2 SEED_1 SEED_0 Data transmission direction For S[3:0] = 0x3 before delay: 16-bit Data Word 16-bit Counter Encrypt CRC+VLOW SER_1 SER_0 Encrypted Data Data transmission direction For S[3:0] = 0011 after delay (Note 1, Note 2): CRC+VLOW SER_1 SEED_2 SEED_1 SEED_0 Data transmission direction Note 1: For Seed Transmission, SEED_2 is transmitted instead of SER_0. 2: For Seed Transmission, the setting of DELM has no effect. 3.5.9 TMPSD: TEMPORARY SEED TRANSMISSION The temporary seed transmission can be used to disable learning after the transmitter has been used for a programmable number of operations. This feature can be used to implement very secure systems. After learning is disabled, the seed information cannot be accessed even if physical access to the transmitter is possible. If TMPSD = 1 the seed transmission will be disabled after a number of code hopping transmissions. The number of transmissions before seed transmission is disabled, can be programmed by setting the synchronization counter (SYNC_A, SYNC_B) to a value as shown in Table 3-5. © 2002 Microchip Technology Inc. TABLE 3-5: SYNCHRONOUS COUNTER INITIALIZATION VALUES Synchronous Counter Values Number of Transmissions 0000H 0000H 128 0060H 0060H 64 0050H 0050H 32 0048H 0048H 16 DS40152E-page 9 HCS360 HCS360 3.5.10 DELM: DELAY MODE If DELM = 1, delay transmission is enabled. A delayed transmission is indicated by inverting the lower nibble of the discrimination value. The Delay mode is primarily for compatibility with previous KEELOQ devices and is not recommended for new designs. TABLE 3-6: If DELM = 0, delay transmission is disabled (Table 36). TYPICAL DELAY TIMES BSEL 1 BSEL 0 Number of Code Words before Delay Mode Time Before Delay Mode (MOD = 0) Time Before Delay Mode (MOD = 1) 0 0 28 2.9s 5.1s 0 1 56 3.1s 6.4s 1 0 28 1.5s 3.2s 1 1 56 1.7s 4.5s 3.5.11 TIMO: TIME-OUT OR AUTO-SHUTOFF If TIMO = 1, the time-out is enabled. Time-out can be used to terminate accidental continuous transmissions. When time-out occurs, the PWM output is set low and TABLE 3-7: the LED is turned off. Current consumption will be higher than in Standby mode since current will flow through the activated input resistors. This state can be exited only after all inputs are taken low. TIMO = 0, will enable continuous transmission (Table 3-7). TYPICAL TIME-OUT TIMES BSEL 1 BSEL 0 Maximum Number of Code Words Transmitted Time Before Time-out (MOD = 0) Time Before Time-out (MOD = 1) 0 0 256 26.5s 46.9 0 1 512 28.2s 58.4 1 0 256 14.1s 29.2 1 1 512 15.7s 40.7 DS40152E-page 10 © 2002 Microchip Technology Inc. HCS360 HCS360 3.5.12 IND: INDEPENDENT MODE TABLE 3-8: The Independent mode can be used where one encoder is used to control two receivers. Two counters (SYNC_A and SYNC_B) are used in Independent mode. As indicated in Table 3-9, function codes 1 to 7 use SYNC_A and 8 to 15 SYNC_B. 3.5.13 IR MODULATION TE Basic Pulse 800us (800µs) (32x) 400us (400µs) (16x) INFRARED MODE The Independent mode also selects IR mode. In IR mode function codes 12 to 15 will use SYNC_B. The PWM output signal is modulated with a 40 kHz carrier (see Table 3-8). It must be pointed out that the 40 kHz is derived from the internal clock and will therefore vary with the same percentage as the baud rate. If IND = 0, SYNC_A is used for all function codes. If IND = 1, Independent mode is enabled and counters for functions are used according to Table 3-9. TABLE 3-9: Period = 25µs 200us 100us (200µs) (8x) (100µs) (4x) FUNCTION CODES S3 S2 S1 S0 IND = 0 IND = 1 Comments Counter 1 0 0 0 1 A A 2 0 0 1 0 A A 3 0 0 1 1 A A 4 0 1 0 0 A A 5 0 1 0 1 A A 6 0 1 1 0 A A 7 0 1 1 1 A A 8 1 0 0 0 A B 9 1 0 0 1 A B 10 1 0 1 0 A B 11 1 0 1 1 A B 12 1 1 0 0 A B(1) 13 1 1 0 1 A B(1) 14 1 1 1 0 A B(1) 15 1 1 1 1 A B(1) If SEED = 1, transmit seed after delay. If SEED = 1, transmit seed immediately. Note 1: IR mode © 2002 Microchip Technology Inc. DS40152E-page 11 HCS360 HCS360 4.0 TRANSMITTED WORD 4.2 4.1 Transmission Format (PWM) The HCS360 HCS360 transmits a 67-bit code word when a button is pressed. The 67-bit word is constructed from a Fixed Code portion and an Encrypted Code portion (Figure 3-1). The HCS360 HCS360 code word is made up of several parts (Figure 4-1 and Figure 4-2). Each code word contains a 50% duty cycle preamble, a header, 32 bits of encrypted data and 35 bits of fixed data followed by a guard period before another code word can begin. Refer to Table 8-3 and Table 8-5 for code word timing. Code Word Organization The Encrypted Data is generated from 4 function bits, 2 user bits, overflow bit, Independent mode bit, and 8 serial number bits, and the 16-bit synchronization value (Figure 3-1). The encrypted portion alone provides up to four billion changing code combinations. The Fixed Code Data is made up of a VLOW bit, 2 CRC bits, 4 function bits, and the 28-bit serial number. If the extended serial number (32 bits) is selected, the 4 function code bits will not be transmitted. The fixed and encrypted sections combined increase the number of code combinations to 7.38 x 1019 FIGURE 4-1: CODE WORD FORMAT (PWM) TE TE TE LOGIC "0" LOGIC "1" 50% Duty Cycle Preamble 1 16 31XTE 31XTE Preamble FIGURE 4-2: 10xTE Header Encrypted Portion of Transmission Fixed Portion of Transmission Guard Time CODE WORD FORMAT (MANCHESTER) TE TE LOGIC "0" LOGIC "1" 50% Duty Cycle Preamble 1 STOP bit bit 1 16 2 31XTE 31XTE Preamble DS40152E-page 12 bit 2 START bit bit 0 4XTE Header Encrypted Portion of Transmission Fixed Portion of Transmission Guard Time © 2002 Microchip Technology Inc. HCS360 HCS360 5.0 SPECIAL FEATURES 5.1 Code Word Completion Code word completion is an automatic feature that ensures that the entire code word is transmitted, even if the button is released before the transmission is complete and that a minimum of two words are completed. The HCS360 HCS360 encoder powers itself up when a button is pushed and powers itself down after two complete words are transmitted if the user has already released the button. If the button is held down beyond the time for one transmission, then multiple transmissions will result. If another button is activated during a transmission, the active transmission will be aborted and the new code will be generated using the new button information. 5.2 5.3 The CRC bits are calculated on the 65 previously transmitted bits. The CRC bits can be used by the receiver to check the data integrity before processing starts. The CRC can detect all single bit and 66% of double bit errors. The CRC is computed as follows: EQUATION 5-1: © 2002 Microchip Technology Inc. CRC Calculation CRC [ 1 ] n + 1 = CRC [ 0 ] n Din and CRC [ 0 ] n + 1 = ( CRC [ 0 ] n Di n ) CRC [ 1 ] n with CRC [ 1, 0 ]0 = 0 Long Guard Time Federal Communications Commission (FCC) part 15 rules specify the limits on fundamental power and harmonics that can be transmitted. Power is calculated on the worst case average power transmitted in a 100 ms window. It is therefore advantageous to minimize the duty cycle of the transmitted word. This can be achieved by minimizing the duty cycle of the individual bits or by extending the guard time between transmissions. Long guard time (LNGRD) is used for reducing the average power of a transmission. This is a selectable feature. Using the LNGRD allows the user to transmit a higher amplitude transmission if the transmission time per 100 ms is shorter. The FCC puts constraints on the average power that can be transmitted by a device, and LNGRD effectively prevents continuous transmission by only allowing the transmission of every second word. This reduces the average power transmitted and hence, assists in FCC approval of a transmitter device. CRC (Cycle Redundancy Check) Bits and Din the nth transmission bit 0 n 64 Note: The CRC may be wrong when the battery voltage is around either of the VLOW trip points. This may happen because VLOW is sampled twice each transmission, once for the CRC calculation (PWM is low) and once when VLOW is transmitted (PWM is high). VDD tends to move slightly during a transmission which could lead to a different value for VLOW being used for the CRC calculation and the transmission . Work around: If the CRC calculation is incorrect, recalculate for the opposite value of VLOW. DS40152E-page 13 HCS360 HCS360 5.4 Auto-shutoff The Auto-shutoff function automatically stops the device from transmitting if a button inadvertently gets pressed for a long period of time. This will prevent the device from draining the battery if a button gets pressed while the transmitter is in a pocket or purse. This function can be enabled or disabled and is selected by setting or clearing the time-out bit (Section 3.5.11). Setting this bit will enable the function (turn Auto-shutoff function on) and clearing the bit will disable the function. Time-out period is approximately 25 seconds. FIGURE 5-1: VLOW Trip Point VS. Temperature 4.5 VLOW=0 Nominal Trip Point 3.8V 4 3.5 3.5 VLOW=1 3 2.5 2 5.5 VLOW=0 VLOW: Voltage LOW Indicator 2V Nominal Trip Point 1.5 The VLOW bit is transmitted with every transmission (Figure 3-1) and will be transmitted as a one if the operating voltage has dropped below the low voltage trip point, typically 3.8V at 25°C. This VLOW signal is transmitted so the receiver can give an indication to the user that the transmitter battery is low. If the supply voltage drops below the low voltage trip point, the LED output will be toggled at approximately 1Hz during the transmission. 5.6 TABLE 5-1: LED Output Operation During normal transmission the LED output is LOW while the data is being transmitted and high during the guard time. Two voltage indications are combined into one bit: VLOW. Table 5-1 indicates the operation value of VLOW while data is being transmitted. -40 25 85 VLOW AND LED VS. VDD Approximate Supply Voltage VLOW Bit LED Operation* Max 3.8V 0 Normal 3.8V 2.2V 1 Flashing 2.2V Min 0 Normal *See also FLASH operating modes. DS40152E-page 14 © 2002 Microchip Technology Inc. HCS360 HCS360 6.0 PROGRAMMING THE HCS360 HCS360 in 16 bits at a time, followed by the word's complement using S3 or S2 as the clock line and PWM as the data in line. After each 16-bit word is loaded, a programming delay is required for the internal program cycle to complete. The Acknowledge can read back after the programming delay (TWC). After the first word and its complement have been downloaded, an automatic bulk write is performed. This delay can take up to Twc. At the end of the programming cycle, the device can be verified (Figure 6-1) by reading back the EEPROM. Reading is done by clocking the S3 line and reading the data bits on PWM. For security reasons, it is not possible to execute a Verify function without first programming the EEPROM. A Verify operation can only be done once, immediately following the Program cycle. When using the HCS360 HCS360 in a system, the user will have to program some parameters into the device including the serial number and the secret key before it can be used. The programming allows the user to input all 192 bits in a serial data stream, which are then stored internally in EEPROM. Programming will be initiated by forcing the PWM line high, after the S3 line has been held high for the appropriate length of time. S0 should be held low during the entire program cycle. The S1 line on the HCS360 HCS360 part needs to be set or cleared depending on the LS bit of the memory map (Key 0) before the key is clocked in to the HCS360 HCS360. S1 must remain at this level for the duration of the programming cycle. The device can then be programmed by clocking FIGURE 6-1: Programming Waveforms Enter Program Mode DATA (Data) Bit 0 T2 Acknowledge Pulse TWC Bit 1 Bit 2 Bit 14 Bit 15 TDH TCLKL Bit 3 Bit 0 Bit 1 Bit 2 Bit 3 Bit 14 Bit 15 TCLKH Bit 16 Bit 17 S2/S3 (Clock) T1 TDS Bit 0 of Word0 S1 Data for Word 1 Data for Word 0 (KEY_0) Repeat for each word Note 1: Unused button inputs to be held to ground during the entire programming sequence. The VDD pin must be taken to ground after a program/verify cycle. 2: The VDD pin must be taken to ground after a Program/Verify cycle. FIGURE 6-2: Verify Waveforms End of Programming Cycle Beginning of Verify Cycle Data from Word0 DATA (Data) Bit190 Bit191 Ack TWC Bit 0 Bit 1 Bit 2 Bit 3 Bit 14 Bit 15 Bit 16 Bit 17 Bit190 Bit191 TDV S2/S3 (Clock) S1 Note: A Verify sequence is performed only once immediately after the Program cycle. © 2002 Microchip Technology Inc. DS40152E-page 15 HCS360 HCS360 TABLE 6-3: PROGRAMMING/VERIFY TIMING REQUIREMENTS VDD = 5.0V ± 10% 25° C ± 5 °C Parameter Symbol Min. Max. Units Program mode setup time T2 0 4.0 ms Hold time 1 T1 9.0 - ms TWC TCLKL TCLKH TDS 50 50 50 0 - - - - ms µs µs µs(1) Data hold time TDH 30 - µs(1) Data out valid time TDV - 30 µs(1) Program cycle time Clock low time Clock high time Data setup time Note 1: Typical values - not tested in production. DS40152E-page 16 © 2002 Microchip Technology Inc. HCS360 HCS360 7.0 INTEGRATING THE HCS360 HCS360 INTO A SYSTEM Use of the HCS360 HCS360 in a system requires a compatible decoder. This decoder is typically a microcontroller with compatible firmware. Microchip will provide (via a license agreement) firmware routines that accept transmissions from the HCS360 HCS360 and decrypt the hopping code portion of the data stream. These routines provide system designers the means to develop their own decoding system. 7.1 Learning a Transmitter to a Receiver A transmitter must first be 'learned' by a decoder before its use is allowed in the system. Several learning strategies are possible, Figure 7-1 details a typical learn sequence. Core to each, the decoder must minimally store each learned transmitter's serial number and current synchronization counter value in EEPROM. Additionally, the decoder typically stores each transmitter's unique crypt key. The maximum number of learned transmitters will therefore be relative to the available EEPROM. A transmitter's serial number is transmitted in the clear but the synchronization counter only exists in the code word's encrypted portion. The decoder obtains the counter value by decrypting using the same key used to encrypt the information. The KEELOQ algorithm is a symmetrical block cipher so the encryption and decryption keys are identical and referred to generally as the crypt key. The encoder receives its crypt key during manufacturing. The decoder is programmed with the ability to generate a crypt key as well as all but one required input to the key generation routine; typically the transmitter's serial number. Figure 7-1 summarizes a typical learn sequence. The decoder receives and authenticates a first transmission; first button press. Authentication involves generating the appropriate crypt key, decrypting, validating the correct key usage via the discrimination bits and buffering the counter value. A second transmission is received and authenticated. A final check verifies the counter values were sequential; consecutive button presses. If the learn sequence is successfully complete, the decoder stores the learned transmitter's serial number, current synchronization counter value and appropriate crypt key. From now on the crypt key will be retrieved from EEPROM during normal operation instead of recalculating it for each transmission received. FIGURE 7-1: TYPICAL LEARN SEQUENCE Enter Learn Mode Wait for Reception of a Valid Code Generate Key from Serial Number Use Generated Key to Decrypt Compare Discrimination Value with Fixed Value Equal ? No Yes Wait for Reception of Second Valid Code Use Generated Key to Decrypt Compare Discrimination Value with Fixed Value Equal ? No Yes Counters Sequential ? Yes No Learn successful Store: Learn Unsuccessful Serial number Encryption key Synchronization counter Exit Certain learning strategies have been patented and care must be taken not to infringe. © 2002 Microchip Technology Inc. DS40152E-page 17 HCS360 HCS360 7.2 Decoder Operation 7.3 Figure 7-2 summarizes normal decoder operation. The decoder waits until a transmission is received. The received serial number is compared to the EEPROM table of learned transmitters to first determine if this transmitter's use is allowed in the system. If from a learned transmitter, the transmission is decrypted using the stored crypt key and authenticated via the discrimination bits for appropriate crypt key usage. If the decryption was valid the synchronization value is evaluated. FIGURE 7-2: TYPICAL DECODER OPERATION Start No Transmission Received ? Yes No Is Decryption Valid ? Yes No Is Counter Within 16 ? No No Is Counter Within 32K ? Yes Save Counter in Temp Location DS40152E-page 18 Yes The KEELOQ technology patent scope includes a sophisticated synchronization technique that does not require the calculation and storage of future codes. The technique securely blocks invalid transmissions while providing transparent resynchronization to transmitters inadvertently activated away from the receiver. Figure 7-3 shows a 3-partition, rotating synchronization window. The size of each window is optional but the technique is fundamental. Each time a transmission is authenticated, the intended function is executed and the transmission's synchronization counter value is stored in EEPROM. From the currently stored counter value there is an initial "Single Operation" forward window of 16 codes. If the difference between a received synchronization counter and the last stored counter is within 16, the intended function will be executed on the single button press and the new synchronization counter will be stored. Storing the new synchronization counter value effectively rotates the entire synchronization window. A "Double Operation" (resynchronization) window further exists from the Single Operation window up to 32K codes forward of the currently stored counter value. It is referred to as "Double Operation" because a transmission with synchronization counter value in this window will require an additional, sequential counter transmission prior to executing the intended function. Upon receiving the sequential transmission the decoder executes the intended function and stores the synchronization counter value. This resynchronization occurs transparently to the user as it is human nature to press the button a second time if the first was unsuccessful. Does Serial Number Match ? Yes Decrypt Transmission No Synchronization with Decoder (Evaluating the Counter) Execute Command and Update Counter The third window is a "Blocked Window" ranging from the double operation window to the currently stored synchronization counter value. Any transmission with synchronization counter value within this window will be ignored. This window excludes previously used, perhaps code-grabbed transmissions from accessing the system. Note: The synchronization method described in this section is only a typical implementation and because it is usually implemented in firmware, it can be altered to fit the needs of a particular system. © 2002 Microchip Technology Inc. HCS360 HCS360 FIGURE 7-3: SYNCHRONIZATION WINDOW Entire Window rotates to eliminate use of previously used codes Blocked Window (32K Codes) Stored Synchronization Counter Value Double Operation (resynchronization) Window (32K Codes) © 2002 Microchip Technology Inc. Single Operation Window (16 Codes) DS40152E-page 19 HCS360 HCS360 8.0 ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS TABLE 8-1: ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS Symbol Item Rating Units VDD Supply voltage -0.3 to 6.9 V VIN Input voltage -0.3 to VDD + 0.3 V VOUT Output voltage -0.3 to VDD + 0.3 V IOUT 25 mA Storage temperature -55 to +125 °C (Note) TLSOL Lead soldering temp 300 °C (Note) VESD Note: Max output current TSTG ESD rating 4000 V Stresses above those listed under "ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS" may cause permanent damage to the device. TABLE 8-2: Commercial Industrial DC CHARACTERISTICS (C): (I): Tamb = 0°C to +70°C Tamb = -40°C to +85°C 2.0V < VDD < 3.3 Operating (avg) current Sym. ICC Max 0.3 Min 1.2 Min Typ1 Max 0.7 Parameter Typ1 3.0 < VDD < 6.6 1.6 Unit Conditions mA VDD = 3.3V VDD = 6.6V Standby current ICCS 0.1 1.0 0.1 1.0 µA Auto-shutoff current2,3 ICCS 40 75 160 350 µA High level input voltage VIH 0.55 VDD VDD+0.3 0.55VDD 55VDD VDD+0.3 V Low level input voltage VIL -0.3 0.15 VDD -0.3 0.15VDD 15VDD V High level voltage output VOH 0.7 VDD Low level voltage output VOL LED sink current 0.7VDD V 0.08VDD 08VDD 0.08 VDD IOH = -1.0 mA, VDD = 2.0V IOH = -2.0 mA, VDD = 6.6V V IOL = 1.0 mA, VDD = 2.0V IOL = 2.0 mA, VDD = 6.6V ILED 0.15 1.0 4.0 0.15 1.0 4.0 mA VLED4 = 1.5V, VDD = 6.6V Pull-Down Resistance; S0-S3 RS0-3 40 60 80 40 60 80 k VDD = 4.0V Pull-Down Resistance; DATA RPWM 80 120 160 80 120 160 k VDD = 4.0V Note 1: 2: 3: 4: Typical values are at 25°C. Auto-shutoff current specification does not include the current through the input pull-down resistors. Auto-shutoff current is periodically sampled and not 100% tested. VLED is the voltage between the VDD pin and the LED pin. DS40152E-page 20 © 2002 Microchip Technology Inc. HCS360 HCS360 FIGURE 8-1: POWER-UP AND TRANSMIT TIMING Button Press Detect Multiple Code Word Transmission TBP TTD TDB PWM Output Code Word 1 Code Word 2 Code Word 3 Code Word n Code Word 4 TTO Button Input Sn FIGURE 8-2: POWER-UP AND TRANSMIT TIMING REQUIREMENTS VDD = +2.0 to 6.6V Commercial (C): Tamb = 0°C to +70°C Industrial (I): Tamb = -40°C to +85°C Parameter Time to second button press Symbol Min Max Unit Remarks TBP 10 + Code Word Time 26 + Code Word Time ms (Note 1) (Note 2) Transmit delay from button detect TTD 4.5 26 ms Debounce delay TDB 4.0 13 ms Auto-shutoff time-out period TTO 15.0 35 s (Note 3) Note 1: TBP is the time in which a second button can be pressed without completion of the first code word and the intention was to press the combination of buttons. 2: Transmit delay maximum value if the previous transmission was successfully transmitted. 3: The Auto-shutoff time-out period is not tested. © 2002 Microchip Technology Inc. DS40152E-page 21 HCS360 HCS360 FIGURE 8-3: PWM FORMAT SUMMARY (MOD=0) TE TE TE LOGIC "0" LOGIC "1" 50% Duty Cycle Preamble 1 TBP 16 10xTE 31XTE 31XTE Preamble Encrypted Portion of Transmission Header FIGURE 8-4: P16 31xTE 50% Duty Cycle Preamble FIGURE 8-5: Bit 0 Bit 1 10 TE Header Data Bits PWM DATA FORMAT (MOD=0) Serial Number MSB LSB Header Guard Time PWM PREAMBLE/HEADER FORMAT (MOD=0) P1 Bit 0 Fixed Portion of Transmission Bit 1 Bit 30 Bit 31 Bit 32 Bit 33 Encrypted Portion of Transmission DS40152E-page 22 LSB Function Code MSB S3 S0 S1 Status S2 CRC VLOW CRC0 CRC1 Bit 58 Bit 59 Bit 60 Bit 61 Bit 62 Bit 63 Bit 64 Bit 65 Bit 66 Fixed Portion of Transmission Guard Time © 2002 Microchip Technology Inc. HCS360 HCS360 FIGURE 8-6: MANCHESTER FORMAT SUMMARY (MOD=1) TPB TE TE LOGIC "0" LOGIC "1" 50% Duty Cycle Preamble 1 START bit bit 0 bit 1 STOP bit bit 2 16 2 31XTE 31XTE Preamble FIGURE 8-7: Encrypted Portion of Transmission 4XTE Header Guard Time MANCHESTER PREAMBLE/HEADER FORMAT (MOD=1) 50% Duty Cycle Preamble P1 P16 Bit 0 Bit 1 Data Word Transmission 4 x TE Header 31 x TE Preamble FIGURE 8-8: Fixed Portion of Transmission HCS360 HCS360 NORMALIZED TE VS. TEMP 1.7 Typical 1.6 1.5 TE Max. 1.4 VDD LEGEND = 2.0V = 3.0V = 6.0V 1.3 TE 1.2 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.7 TE Min. 0.6 -50 -40 -30 -20 -10 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 Temperature °C © 2002 Microchip Technology Inc. DS40152E-page 23 HCS360 HCS360 TABLE 8-3: CODE WORD TRANSMISSION TIMING PARAMETERS-PWM MODE VDD = +2.0V to 6.6V Commercial (C):Tamb = 0°C to +70°C Industrial (I):Tamb = -40°C to +85°C Code Words Transmitted BSEL1 = 0 BSEL0 = 0 BSEL1 = 0 BSEL0 = 1 Symbol Characteristic Min. Typ. Max. Min. Typ. Max. Units TE Basic pulse element 260 400 620 130 200 310 µs TBP PWM bit pulse width 3 3 TE TP Preamble duration 31 31 TE TH Header duration 10 10 TE THOP Hopping code duration 96 96 TE TFIX Fixed code duration 105 105 TE TG Guard Time (LNGRD = 0) 17 33 TE - Total transmit time - Total transmit time 67.3 103.6 160.6 35.8 55.0 85.3 ms PWM data rate 1282 833 538 2564 1667 1075 bps - Note: 259 275 TE The timing parameters are not tested but derived from the oscillator clock. TABLE 8-4: CODE WORD TRANSMISSION TIMING PARAMETERS-PWM MODE VDD = +2.0V to 6.6V Commercial (C):Tamb = 0°C to +70°C Industrial (I):Tamb = -40°C to +85°C Symbol BSEL1 = 1, BSEL0 = 0 Min. Typ. BSEL1 = 1, BSEL0 = 1 Min. Typ. Max. Units TE Basic pulse element 130 200 310 65 TBP PWM bit pulse width 3 TP Preamble duration 31 TH Header duration 10 THOP Hopping code duration 96 TFIX Fixed code duration 105 TG Guard Time (LNGRD = 0) 33 - Total transmit time 275 - Total transmit time 35.8 55.0 85.3 20.0 - PWM data rate 2564 1667 1075 5128 Note: The timing parameters are not tested but derived from the oscillator clock. 100 3 31 10 96 105 65 307 30.7 3333 155 µs TE TE TE TE TE TE TE ms bps DS40152E-page 24 Characteristic Code Words Transmitted Max. 47.6 2151 © 2002 Microchip Technology Inc. HCS360 HCS360 TABLE 8-5: CODE WORD TRANSMISSION TIMING PARAMETERS-MANCHESTER MODE VDD = +2.0V to 6.6V Commercial (C):Tamb = 0°C to +70°C Industrial (I):Tamb = -40°C to +85°C Symbol Characteristic Code Words Transmitted BSEL1 = 0, BSEL0 = 0 BSEL1 = 0. BSEL0 = 1 Min. Typ. Max. Min. Typ. Max. Units 520 800 1240 260 400 620 µs TE Basic pulse element TP Preamble duration 31 31 TE TH Header duration 4 4 TE TSTART START bit 2 2 TE THOP Hopping code duration 64 64 TE TFIX Fixed code duration 70 70 TE STOP bit 2 2 TE TSTOP TG Guard Time (LNGRD = 0) - Total transmit time - Total transmit time 94.6 145.6 223.7 49.4 76.0 117.8 ms - Manchester data rate 1923 1250 806 3846.2 2500 1612.9 bps Note: 9 17 TE 182 190 TE The timing parameters are not tested but derived from the oscillator clock. TABLE 8-6: CODE WORD TRANSMISSION TIMING PARAMETERS-MANCHESTER MODE VDD = +2.0V to 6.6V Commercial (C):Tamb = 0°C to +70°C Industrial (I):Tamb = -40°C to +85°C Symbol Characteristic TE TP TH Code Words Transmitted BSEL1 = 1, BSEL0 = 0 Min. Typ. BSEL1 = 1. BSEL0 = 1 Max. Min. Basic pulse element 260 400 620 130 Preamble duration 32 Header duration 4 TSTART START bit 2 THOP Hopping code duration 64 TFIX Fixed code duration 70 TSTOP STOP bit 2 TG Guard Time (LNGRD = 0) 16 - Total transmit time 190 - Total transmit time 49.4 76.0 117.8 26.8 - Manchester data rate 3846.2 2500.0 1612.9 7692.3 Note: The timing parameters are not tested but derived from the oscillator clock. © 2002 Microchip Technology Inc. Typ. Max. Units 200 32 4 2 64 70 2 32 206 41.2 5000.0 310 µs TE TE TE TE TE TE TE TE ms bps 63.4 3225.8 DS40152E-page 25 HCS360 HCS360 9.0 PACKAGING INFORMATION 9.1 Package Marking Information 8-Lead PDIP (300 mil) Example XXXXXXXX XXXXXNNN YYWW HCS360 HCS360 XXXXXNNN 0025 8-Lead SOIC (150 mil) Example XXXXXXX XXXYYWW NNN HCS360 HCS360 XXX0025 XXX0025 NNN Legend: Note: * XX.X Y YY WW NNN Customer specific information* Year code (last digit of calendar year) Year code (last 2 digits of calendar year) Week code (week of January 1 is week `01') Alphanumeric traceability code In the event the full Microchip part number cannot be marked on one line, it will be carried over to the next line thus limiting the number of available characters for customer specific information. Standard PICmicro device marking consists of Microchip part number, year code, week code, and traceability code. For PICmicro device marking beyond this, certain price adders apply. Please check with your Microchip Sales Office. For QTP devices, any special marking adders are included in QTP price. DS40152E-page 26 © 2002 Microchip Technology Inc. HCS360 HCS360 9.2 Package Details 8-Lead Plastic Dual In-line (P) - 300 mil (PDIP) E1 D 2 n 1 E A2 A L c A1 B1 p eB B Units Dimension Limits n p Number of Pins Pitch Top to Seating Plane Molded Package Thickness Base to Seating Plane Shoulder to Shoulder Width Molded Package Width Overall Length Tip to Seating Plane Lead Thickness Upper Lead Width Lower Lead Width Overall Row Spacing Mold Draft Angle Top Mold Draft Angle Bottom * Controlling Parameter § Significant Characteristic A A2 A1 E E1 D L c § B1 B eB MIN .140 .115 .015 .300 .240 .360 .125 .008 .045 .014 .310 5 5 INCHES* NOM MAX 8 .100 .155 .130 .170 .145 .313 .250 .373 .130 .012 .058 .018 .370 10 10 .325 .260 .385 .135 .015 .070 .022 .430 15 15 MILLIMETERS NOM 8 2.54 3.56 3.94 2.92 3.30 0.38 7.62 7.94 6.10 6.35 9.14 9.46 3.18 3.30 0.20 0.29 1.14 1.46 0.36 0.46 7.87 9.40 5 10 5 10 MIN MAX 4.32 3.68 8.26 6.60 9.78 3.43 0.38 1.78 0.56 10.92 15 15 Notes: Dimensions D and E1 do not include mold flash or protrusions. Mold flash or protrusions shall not exceed .010" (0.254mm) per side. JEDEC Equivalent: MS-001 MS-001 Drawing No. C04-018 C04-018 © 2002 Microchip Technology Inc. DS40152E-page 27 HCS360 HCS360 8-Lead Plastic Small Outline (SN) - Narrow, 150 mil (SOIC) E E1 p D 2 B n 1 h 45° c A2 A L Units Dimension Limits n p Number of Pins Pitch Overall Height Molded Package Thickness Standoff § Overall Width Molded Package Width Overall Length Chamfer Distance Foot Length Foot Angle Lead Thickness Lead Width Mold Draft Angle Top Mold Draft Angle Bottom * Controlling Parameter § Significant Characteristic A A2 A1 E E1 D h L c B MIN .053 .052 .004 .228 .146 .189 .010 .019 0 .008 .013 0 0 A1 INCHES* NOM 8 .050 .061 .056 .007 .237 .154 .193 .015 .025 4 .009 .017 12 12 MAX .069 .061 .010 .244 .157 .197 .020 .030 8 .010 .020 15 15 MILLIMETERS NOM 8 1.27 1.35 1.55 1.32 1.42 0.10 0.18 5.79 6.02 3.71 3.91 4.80 4.90 0.25 0.38 0.48 0.62 0 4 0.20 0.23 0.33 0.42 0 12 0 12 MIN MAX 1.75 1.55 0.25 6.20 3.99 5.00 0.51 0.76 8 0.25 0.51 15 15 Notes: Dimensions D and E1 do not include mold flash or protrusions. Mold flash or protrusions shall not exceed .010" (0.254mm) per side. JEDEC Equivalent: MS-012 MS-012 Drawing No. C04-057 C04-057 DS40152E-page 28 © 2002 Microchip Technology Inc. HCS360 HCS360 ON-LINE SUPPORT Microchip provides on-line support on the Microchip World Wide Web (WWW) site. The web site is used by Microchip as a means to make files and information easily available to customers. To view the site, the user must have access to the Internet and a web browser, such as Netscape or Microsoft Explorer. Files are also available for FTP download from our FTP site. Systems Information and Upgrade Hot Line The Systems Information and Upgrade Line provides system users a listing of the latest versions of all of Microchip's development systems software products. Plus, this line provides information on how customers can receive any currently available upgrade kits.The Hot Line Numbers are: 1-800-755-2345 for U.S. and most of Canada, and 1-480-792-7302 for the rest of the world. Connecting to the Microchip Internet Web Site The Microchip web site is available by using your favorite Internet browser to attach to: www.microchip.com The file transfer site is available by using an FTP service to connect to: ftp://ftp.microchip.com The web site and file transfer site provide a variety of services. Users may download files for the latest Development Tools, Data Sheets, Application Notes, User's Guides, Articles and Sample Programs. A variety of Microchip specific business information is also available, including listings of Microchip sales offices, distributors and factory representatives. Other data available for consideration is: · Latest Microchip Press Releases · Technical Support Section with Frequently Asked Questions · Design Tips · Device Errata · Job Postings · Microchip Consultant Program Member Listing · Links to other useful web sites related to Microchip Products · Conferences for products, Development Systems, technical information and more · Listing of seminars and events © 2002 Microchip Technology Inc. DS40152E-page 29 HCS360 HCS360 READER RESPONSE It is our intention to provide you with the best documentation possible to ensure successful use of your Microchip product. If you wish to provide your comments on organization, clarity, subject matter, and ways in which our documentation can better serve you, please FAX your comments to the Technical Publications Manager at (480) 792-4150. Please list the following information, and use this outline to provide us with your comments about this Data Sheet. To: Technical Publications Manager RE: Reader Response Total Pages Sent From: Name Company Address City / State / ZIP / Country Telephone: (_) _ - _ FAX: (_) _ - _ Application (optional): Would you like a reply? Device: HCS360 HCS360 Y N Literature Number: DS40152E DS40152E Questions: 1. What are the best features of this document? 2. How does this document meet your hardware and software development needs? 3. Do you find the organization of this data sheet easy to follow? If not, why? 4. What additions to the data sheet do you think would enhance the structure and subject? 5. What deletions from the data sheet could be made without affecting the overall usefulness? 6. Is there any incorrect or misleading information (what and where)? 7. How would you improve this document? 8. How would you improve our software, systems, and silicon products? DS40152E-page 30 © 2002 Microchip Technology Inc. HCS360 HCS360 HCS360 HCS360 PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM To order or obtain information, e.g., on pricing or delivery, refer to the factory or the listed sales office. HCS360 HCS360 - /P Package: Temperature Range: Device: P = Plastic DIP (300 mil Body), 8-lead SN = Plastic SOIC (150 mil Body), 8-lead Blank = 0°C to +70°C I = 40°C to +85°C HCS360 HCS360 HCS360T HCS360T Code Hopping Encoder Code Hopping Encoder (Tape and Reel) Sales and Support Data Sheets Products supported by a preliminary Data Sheet may have an errata sheet describing minor operational differences and recommended workarounds. To determine if an errata sheet exists for a particular device, please contact one of the following: 1. 2. 3. Your local Microchip sales office The Microchip Corporate Literature Center U.S. FAX: (480) 792-7277 The Microchip Worldwide Site (www.microchip.com) Please specify which device, revision of silicon and Data Sheet (include Literature #) you are using. New Customer Notification System Register on our web site (www.microchip.com/cn) to receive the most current information on our products. © 2002 Microchip Technology Inc. DS40152E-page 31 HCS360 HCS360 NOTES: DS40152E-page 32 © 2002 Microchip Technology Inc. Microchip's Secure Data Products are covered by some or all of the following patents: Code hopping encoder patents issued in Europe, U.S.A., and R.S.A. - U.S.A.: 5,517,187; Europe: 0459781; R.S.A.: ZA93/4726 ZA93/4726 Secure learning patents issued in the U.S.A. and R.S.A. - U.S.A.: 5,686,904; R.S.A.: 95/5429 Information contained in this publication regarding device applications and the like is intended through suggestion only and may be superseded by updates. It is your responsibility to ensure that your application meets with your specifications. No representation or warranty is given and no liability is assumed by Microchip Technology Incorporated with respect to the accuracy or use of such information, or infringement of patents or other intellectual property rights arising from such use or otherwise. Use of Microchip's products as critical components in life support systems is not authorized except with express written approval by Microchip. No licenses are conveyed, implicitly or otherwise, under any intellectual property rights. Trademarks The Microchip name and logo, the Microchip logo, FilterLab, KEELOQ, MPLAB, PIC, PICmicro, PICMASTER, PICSTART, PRO MATE, SEEVAL and The Embedded Control Solutions Company are registered trademarks of Microchip Technology Incorporated in the U.S.A. and other countries. dsPIC, ECONOMONITOR, FanSense, FlexROM, fuzzyLAB, In-Circuit Serial Programming, ICSP, ICEPIC, microID, microPort, Migratable Memory, MPASM, MPLIB, MPLINK, MPSIM, MXDEV, PICC, PICDEM, PICDEM.net, rfPIC, Select Mode and Total Endurance are trademarks of Microchip Technology Incorporated in the U.S.A. Serialized Quick Turn Programming (SQTP) is a service mark of Microchip Technology Incorporated in the U.S.A. All other trademarks mentioned herein are property of their respective companies. © 2002, Microchip Technology Incorporated, Printed in the U.S.A., All Rights Reserved. Printed on recycled paper. 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India Liaison Office Divyasree Chambers 1 Floor, Wing A (A3/A4) No. 11, O'Shaugnessey Road Bangalore, 560 025, India Tel: 91-80-2290061 Fax: 91-80-2290062 Korea Microchip Technology Korea 168-1, Youngbo Bldg. 3 Floor Samsung-Dong, Kangnam-Ku Seoul, Korea 135-882 Tel: 82-2-554-7200 Fax: 82-2-558-5934 Singapore Microchip Technology Singapore Pte Ltd. 200 Middle Road #07-02 Prime Centre Singapore, 188980 Tel: 65-334-8870 Fax: 65-334-8850 Taiwan Microchip Technology Taiwan 11F-3 11F-3, No. 207 Tung Hua North Road Taipei, 105, Taiwan Tel: 886-2-2717-7175 Fax: 886-2-2545-0139 EUROPE Denmark Microchip Technology Nordic ApS Regus Business Centre Lautrup hoj 1-3 Ballerup DK-2750 DK-2750 Denmark Tel: 45 4420 9895 Fax: 45 4420 9910 France Microchip Technology SARL Parc d'Activite du Moulin de Massy 43 Rue du Saule Trapu Batiment A - ler Etage 91300 Massy, France Tel: 33-1-69-53-63-20 Fax: 33-1-69-30-90-79 Germany Microchip Technology GmbH Gustav-Heinemann Ring 125 D-81739 D-81739 Munich, Germany Tel: 49-89-627-144 0 Fax: 49-89-627-144-44 Italy Microchip Technology SRL Centro Direzionale Colleoni Palazzo Taurus 1 V. Le Colleoni 1 20041 Agrate Brianza Milan, Italy Tel: 39-039-65791-1 Fax: 39-039-6899883 United Kingdom Arizona Microchip Technology Ltd. 505 Eskdale Road Winnersh Triangle Wokingham Berkshire, England RG41 5TU Tel: 44 118 921 5869 Fax: 44-118 921-5820 01/18/02 DS40152E-page 34 © 2002 Microchip Technology Inc.