HCMS-201X HCMS-231X/-235X HCMS-235X HCMS-231X HCMS-2011/2013 - Datasheet Archive
H CMOS Extended Temperature Range 5 x 7 Alphanumeric Displays Technical Data Features · On-Board Low Power CMOS IC Integrated Shift Register with Constant Current LED Drivers · Wide Operating Temperature Range -55°C to +100°C · Compact Glass Ceramic 4 Character Package HCMS-201X HCMS-201X Series X-Stackable HCMS-231X/-235X HCMS-231X/-235X Series X-Y Stackable · HCMS-235X HCMS-235X Series are Sunlight Viewable · Five Colors Standard Red High Efficiency Red Orange Yellow High Performance Green · 5 x 7 LED Matrix Displays Full ASCII Set · Two Character Heights 3.8 mm (0.15 inch) 5.0 mm (0.20 inch) HCMS-201X HCMS-201X Series HCMS-231X HCMS-231X HCMS-235X HCMS-235X Series · Wide Viewing Angle X Axis = ± 50° Y Axis = ± 65° · Long Viewing Distance HCMS-201X HCMS-201X Series to 2.6 Meters (8.6 Feet) HCMS-231X/-235X HCMS-231X/-235X Series to 3.5 Meters (11.5 Feet) · Categorized for Luminous Intensity · HCMS-2011/2013 HCMS-2011/2013 HCMS-2311/-2313/-2314 HCMS-2311/-2313/-2314 HCMS-2351/-2353/-2354 HCMS-2351/-2353/-2354 Useable in Night Vision Lighting Applications · HCMS-2011/-2013 HCMS-2011/-2013, HCMS-2311/-2313 HCMS-2311/-2313 and HCMS-2351/-2353 HCMS-2351/-2353: Categorized for Color Typical Applications · Avionics · Communications Systems · Radar Systems · Fire Control Systems Description The HCMS-201X HCMS-201X, HCMS-231X HCMS-231X and the sunlight viewable HCMS235X HCMS235X series are 5 x 7 LED four character displays contained in 12 pin dual-in-line packages designed for displaying alphanumeric information. The character height for the HCMS-201X HCMS-201X series displays is 3.8 mm (0.15 inch), and for the HCMS-231X HCMS-231X and HCMS-235X HCMS-235X series displays the character height is 5.0 mm (0.20 inch). The HCMS-201X HCMS-201X series displays are available in four LED colors: standard red, high efficiency red, yellow and high performance green. The HCMS231X HCMS231X series are available in all ESD WARNING: STANDARD CMOS HANDLING PRECAUTIONS SHOULD BE OBSERVED. 3-240 5964-6388E 5964-6388E five LED colors. The HCMS-235X HCMS-235X series displays are available in four LED colors: high efficiency red, orange, yellow and high performance green. The HCMS201X HCMS201X series displays are end stackable. The HCMS-231X HCMS-231X and HCMS-235X HCMS-235X series displays are end/row stackable. where conservation of power is important. The two CMOS ICs form an on-board 28-bit serial-inparallel-out shift register with constant current output LED row drivers. Decoded column data is clocked into the on-board shift register for each refresh cycle. Full character display is achieved with external column strobing. Compatibility with HDSP-201X/-231X/-235X HDSP-201X/-231X/-235X TTL IC Series Displays Character Size LED Color These displays are designed with on-board CMOS integrated circuits for use in applications The HCMS-201X HCMS-201X, HCMS-231X HCMS-231X and HCMS-235X HCMS-235X CMOS IC displays are "drop-in" replacements for the equivalent HDSP201X HDSP201X, HDSP-231X HDSP-231X and HDSP235X HDSP235X TTL IC displays. The 12 pin glass/ceramic package configuration, four digit character matrix and pin functions are identical. Display Selection Table Part Number HCMS-2010 HCMS-2010 HCMS-2011 HCMS-2011 HCMS-2012 HCMS-2012 HCMS-2013 HCMS-2013 3.8 mm (0.15 inch) 3.8 mm (0.15 inch) 3.8 mm (0.15 inch) 3.8 mm (0.15 inch) Standard Red Yellow High-Efficiency Red High-Performance Green HCMS-2310 HCMS-2310 HCMS-2311 HCMS-2311 HCMS-2312 HCMS-2312 HCMS-2313 HCMS-2313 HCMS-2314 HCMS-2314 5.0 mm (0.20 inch) 5.0 mm (0.20 inch) 5.0 mm (0.20 inch) 5.0 mm (0.20 inch) 5.0 mm (0.20 inch) Standard Red Yellow High-Efficiency Red High-Performance Green Orange 5.0 mm (0.20 inch) 5.0 mm (0.20 inch) 5.0 mm (0.20 inch) 5.0 mm (0.20 inch) Yellow High-Efficiency Red High-Performance Green Orange Sunlight Viewable Displays HCMS-2351 HCMS-2351 HCMS-2352 HCMS-2352 HCMS-2353 HCMS-2353 HCMS-2354 HCMS-2354 3-241 Package Dimensions HCMS-201X HCMS-201X Series HCMS-231X/-235X HCMS-231X/-235X Series 3-242 Absolute Maximum Ratings Supply Voltage VDD to Ground . 0.3 V to 7.0 V Data Input, Data Output, VB . 0.3 V to VDD Column Input Voltage,VCOL . 0.3 V to VDD Free Air Operating Temperature Range, TA . 55°C to +100°C Storage Temperature Range, TS . 65°C to +125°C HCMS-2310/-2311/-2312/-2314 HCMS-2310/-2311/-2312/-2314 HCMS-2351/-2352/-2354 HCMS-2351/-2352/-2354 Storage Temperature Range, TS . 55°C to +100°C HCMS-2010/-2011/-2012/-2013 HCMS-2010/-2011/-2012/-2013 HCMS-2313 HCMS-2313 HCMS-2353 HCMS-2353 Maximum Allowable Package Power Dissipation, PD[1,2] HCMS-2010/-2011/-2012/-2013 HCMS-2010/-2011/-2012/-2013 at TA = 83°C . 0.79 Watts HCMS-2310/-2311/-2312/-2313/-2314 HCMS-2310/-2311/-2312/-2313/-2314 at TA = 88°C . 0.92 Watts HCMS-2351/-2352/-2353/-2354 HCMS-2351/-2352/-2353/-2354 at TA = 71°C . 1.31 Watts Maximum Solder Temperature 1.59 mm (0.063") Below Seating Plane, t 5 sec . .260°C ESD Protection @ 1.5 k, 100 pf . VZ = 4 kV (each pin) Notes: 1. Maximum allowable power dissipation is derived from VDD = 5.25 V, VB = 2.4 V, VCOL = 3.5 V, 20 LEDs ON per character, 20% DF. 2. The power dissipation for these displays should be derated as follows: HCMS-201X HCMS-201X series derate above 83°C at 17 mW/°C, RJ-A = 60°C/W HCMS-231X HCMS-231X series derate above 88°C at 22 mW/°C, RJ-A = 45°C/W HCMS-235X HCMS-235X series derate above 71°C at 23 mW/°C, RJ-A = 45°C/W. Deratings based on RPC-A = 35°C/W per display for printed circuit board assembly. See Figure 1 for power derating based on lower RJ-A values. Recommended Operating Conditions Over Operating Temperature Range (-55°C to +100°C) Parameter Supply Voltage Data Out Current, Low State Data Out Current, High State Column Input Voltage Setup Time Hold Time Clock Pulse Width High Clock Pulse Width Low Clock High to Low Transition Clock Frequency Symbol Min. Typ. Max. Units VDD IOL IOH VCOL 4.75 5.00 2.75 10 25 50 50 3.0 5.25 1.6 -0.5 3.5 V mA mA V ns ns ns ns ns MHz tSETUP tHOLD tWH(CLOCK) tWL(CLOCK) tTHL fCLOCK 200 5 3-243 Electrical Characteristics over Operating Temperature Range (-55°C to +100°C) Parameter Supply Current, Dynamic Supply Current, Static Symbol Test Conditions IDDD IDDSoff IDDSon Column Input Current HCMS-2010/-2011/-2012/-2013 HCMS-2010/-2011/-2012/-2013 HCMS-2310/-2311/-2312/-2313/-2314 HCMS-2310/-2311/-2312/-2313/-2314 HCMS-2351/-2352/-2353/-2354 HCMS-2351/-2352/-2353/-2354 Min. Typ.* Max. Units fCLOCK = 5 MHz 6.2 7.8 mA VB = 0.4 V VB = 2.4 V 1.8 2.2 2.6 6.0 mA 10 µA 384 451 650 mA mA mA VB = 0.4 V ICOL VB = 2.4 V VB = 2.4 V VB = 2.4 V Input Logic High Data, VB, Clock VIH VDD = 4.75 V Input Logic Low Data, VB, Clock VIL VDD = 5.25 V Input Current Data, Clock VB II VDD = 5.25 V 0 VI 5.25 V 0 VB 5.25 V VOH VDD = 4.75 V IOH = -0.5 mA ICOL = 0 mA VOL VDD = 5.25 V IOL = 1.6 mA ICOL = 0 mA PD VDD = 5.0 V VCOL = 3.5 V 17.5% DF VB = 2.4 V 15 LEDs ON per Character Data Out Voltage Power Dissipation Per Package HCMS-2010/-2011/-2012/-2013 HCMS-2010/-2011/-2012/-2013 HCMS-2310/-2311/-2312/-2313/-2314 HCMS-2310/-2311/-2312/-2313/-2314 HCMS-2351/-2352/-2353/-2354 HCMS-2351/-2352/-2353/-2354 Thermal Resistance IC Junction-to-Pin HCMS-2010/-2011/-2012/-2013 HCMS-2010/-2011/-2012/-2013 HCMS-2310/-2311/-2312/-2313/-2314 HCMS-2310/-2311/-2312/-2313/-2314 HCMS-2351/-2352/-2353/-2354 HCMS-2351/-2352/-2353/-2354 RJ-PIN Leak Rate 310 360 500 2.0 V 0.8 +10 0 -10 -40 2.4 V µA 4.2 V 0.2 0.4 V 414 481 668 mW 25 10 10 °C/W 5x10-8 cc/sec *All typical values specified at VDD = 5.0V and TA = 25°C. Notes: 1. IDD Dynamic is the IC current while clocking column data through the on-board shift register at a clock frequency of 5MHz, the display is not illuminated. 2. IDD Static is the IC current after column data is loaded and not being clocked through the on-board shift register. 3. Four characters are illuminated with a typical ASCII character composed of 15 dots per character. 4. IC junction temperature TJ (IC) = (PD)(RJ-PIN + RPC-A) + TA. 3-244 Optical Characteristics at TA = 25°C Standard Red HCMS-2010/-2310 HCMS-2010/-2310 Description Peak Luminous Intensity per HCMS-2010 HCMS-2010 LED[5,9] HCMS-2310 HCMS-2310 (Character Average) Dominant Wavelength Peak Wavelength Symbol Test Condition Min. Typ. VDD = 5.0 V VCOL = 3.5 V VB = 2.4 V Ti = 25°C 105 220 200 370 µcd d 639 nm PEAK 655 nm IvPEAK Max. Units Yellow HCMS-2011/-2311/-2351 HCMS-2011/-2311/-2351 Description Peak Luminous Intensity per HCMS-2011 HCMS-2011 LED[5,9] HCMS-2311 HCMS-2311 (Character HCMS-2351 HCMS-2351 Average) Dominant Wavelength[6,8] Peak Wavelength Symbol Test Condition Min. Typ. VDD = 5.0 V VCOL = 3.5 V VB = 2.4 V Ti = 25°C 400 650 2400 750 1140 3400 µcd d 585 nm PEAK 583 nm IvPEAK Max. Units High Efficiency Red HCMS-2012/-2312/-2352 HCMS-2012/-2312/-2352 Description Peak Luminous Intensity per HCMS-2012 HCMS-2012 HCMS-2312 HCMS-2312 LED[5,9] (Character HCMS-2352 HCMS-2352 Average) Dominant Wavelength Peak Wavelength Symbol Test Condition Min. Typ. VDD = 5.0 V VCOL = 3.5 V VB = 2.4 V Ti = 25°C 400 650 1920 1430 1430 2850 µcd d 625 nm PEAK 635 nm IvPEAK Max. Units High Performance Green HCMS-2013/-2313/-2353 HCMS-2013/-2313/-2353 Description Peak Luminous Intensity per HCMS-2013 HCMS-2013 LED[5,9] HCMS-2313 HCMS-2313 (Character HCMS-2353 HCMS-2353 Average) Dominant Wavelength[6,8] Peak Wavelength Symbol Test Condition Min. Typ. VDD = 5.0 V VCOL = 3.5 V VB = 2.4 V Ti = 25°C 850 1280 2400 1550 2410 3000 µcd d 574 nm PEAK 568 nm IvPEAK Max. Units 3-245 Orange HCMS-2314/-2354 HCMS-2314/-2354 Description Peak Luminous Intensity per LED[5,9] HCMS-2314 HCMS-2314 (Character HCMS-2354 HCMS-2354 Average) Dominant Wavelength Peak Wavelength Symbol Test Condition Min. Typ. VDD = 5.0 V V = 3.5 V COL VB = 2.4 V Ti = 25°C 650 1920 1430 2850 µcd d 602 nm PEAK 600 nm IvPEAK Max. Units All typical values specified at VDD = 5.0 V and TA = 25°C unless otherwise noted. Notes: 5. These LED displays are categorized for luminous intensity, with the intensity category designated by a letter code on the back of the package. 6. The HCMS-2011/-2311/-2351 HCMS-2011/-2311/-2351 and HCMS-2013/-2313/-2353 HCMS-2013/-2313/-2353 are categorized for color with the color category designated by a number on the back of the package. 7. Ti refers to the initial case temperature of the display immediately prior to the light measurement. 8. Dominant wavelength, d, is derived from the CIE Chromaticity Diagram, and represents the single wavelength which defines the color of the device. 9. The luminous sterance of the individual LED pixels may be calculated using the following equations: Lv(cd/m2) = lv(Candela)*DF/A(Metre)2 Lv(Footlamberts) = Iv(Candela)*DF/A(Foot)2 Where: A = LED pixel area = 5.3 x 10-8M2 10-8M2 or 5.8 x 10-7ft2 DF = LED on-time duty factor Switching Characteristics, TA = -55°C to +100°C Parameter Condition Typ. fclock CLOCK Rate tPLH, tPHL Propagation Delay CLOCK to DATA OUT tOFF VB (0.4 V) to Display OFF tON VB (2.4 V) to Display ON 3-246 Max. Units 5 105 CL = 15 pF RL = 2.4 k MHz ns 4 5 1 2 µs Figure 1. Maximum Allowable Power Dissipation vs Ambient Temperature as a Function of Thermal Resistance Junction-to-Ambient, RJ-A. Derated Operation Assumes RPC-A = 35°C/W per Display for Printed Circuit Board. TJ (IC) MAX = 130°C. RJ-A (TA = 100°C) = 22°C/W for HCMS-235X HCMS-235X Series = 32°C/W for HCMS-231X HCMS-231X Series = 38°C/W for HCMS-201X HCMS-201X Series. Figure 2. Relative Luminous Intensity vs Ambient Temperature. Figure 3. Peak Column Current vs Column Voltage. Electrical Description interface to a display controller circuit that supplies decoded character information. The row data for a given column (one 7 bit byte per character) is loaded (bit serial) into the on-board 28 bit shift register with high to low transitions of the Clock input. To load decoded character information into the display, column data for character 4 is loaded first and the column data for character 1 is loaded last in the following manner. The 7 data bits for column 1, character 4, are loaded into the on-board shift register. Next, the 7 data bits for column 1, character 3, are loaded into the shift register, shifting the character 4 data over one character position. This process is repeated for the other two characters until all 28 bits of column data (four 7 bit bytes of character column data) are loaded into the onboard shift register. Then the column 1 input, VCOL pin 1, is energized to illuminate column 1 in all four characters. This process is repeated for columns 2, 3, 4 and 5. All VCOL inputs should be at logic low to insure the display is off when loading data. The display will be blanked when the blanking input VB, pin 8, is at logic low regardless of the outputs of the shift register or whether one of the VCOL inputs is energized. Each display device contains four 5 x 7 LED dot matrix characters and two CMOS integrated circuits, as shown in Figure 4. The two CMOS integrated circuits form an on-board 28 bit serial-inparallel-out shift register that will accept standard TTL logic levels. The Data Input, pin 12, is connected to bit position 1 and the Data Output, pin 7, is connected to bit position 28. The shift register outputs control constant current sinking LED row drivers. The nominal current sink per LED driver is 11 mA for the HCMS-201X HCMS-201X displays, 13 mA for the HCMS-231X HCMS-231X displays and 18 mA for the HCMS-235X HCMS-235X displays. A logic 1 stored in the shift register enables the corresponding LED row driver and a logic 0 stored in the shift register disables the corresponding LED row driver. The electrical configuration of these CMOS IC alphanumeric displays allows for an effective Refer to Application Note 1016 for drive circuit information. ESD Susceptibility The HCMS-201X/-231X/-235X HCMS-201X/-231X/-235X series displays have an ESD susceptibility ratings of CLASS 3 per DOD-STD-1686 DOD-STD-1686 and CLASS B per MIL-STD-883C MIL-STD-883C. It is recommended that normal CMOS handling precautions be observed with these devices. Soldering and Post Solder Cleaning These displays may be soldered with a standard wave solder process using either an RMA flux and solvent cleaning or an OA flux and aqueous cleaning. For 3-247 Figure 4. Block Diagram of an HCMS-2XXX Series LED Alphanumeric Display. optimum soldering, the solder wave temperature should be 245°C and the dwell time for any display lead passing through the wave should be 11/2 to 2 seconds. For more detailed information, refer to Application Note 1027 Soldering LED Components. Applications for information on contrast enhancement for sunlight and daylight ambients. Refer to Application Note 1015 Contrast Enhancement Techniques for LED Displays for information on contrast enhancement in moderate ambients. Contrast Enhancement Night Vision Lighting When used with the proper contrast enhancement filters, the HCMS-235X HCMS-235X series displays are readable in sunlight and the HCMS-201X/231X HCMS-201X/231X series displays are readable in daylight ambients. Refer to Application Note 1029 Luminous Contrast and Sunlight Readability of the HDSP-235X HDSP-235X Series Alphanumeric Displays for Military 3-248 When used with the proper NVG/ DV filters, the HCMS-2311/-2351 HCMS-2311/-2351 and HCMS-2133/-2353 HCMS-2133/-2353 displays may be used in night vision lighting applications. The HCMS2311/-2351 HCMS2311/-2351 (yellow) displays are used as master caution and warning indicators. The HCMS2313/-2353 HCMS2313/-2353 (high performance green) displays are used for general instrumentation. For a list of NVG/DV filters and a discussion on night vision lighting technology, refer to Application Note 1030 LED Displays and Indicators and Night Vision Imaging System Lighting. Controller Circuits, Power Calculations and Display Dimming Refer to Application Note 1016 Using the HDSP-2000 HDSP-2000 Alphanumeric Display Family for information on controller circuits to drive these displays, how to do power calculations and a technique for display dimming.