DS04-27212-2E MB3800 FPT-8P-M01 FPT-8P-M02 FPT-8P-M03 MB3800PF MB3800PNF - Datasheet Archive
DATA SHEET DS04-27212-2E ASSP For Power Supply Applications BIPOLAR Switching Regulator Controller (Low Voltage) MB3800 s
FUJITSU SEMICONDUCTOR DATA SHEET DS04-27212-2E DS04-27212-2E ASSP For Power Supply Applications BIPOLAR Switching Regulator Controller (Low Voltage) MB3800 MB3800 s DESCRIPTION The MB3800 MB3800 is a single-channel switching regulator control IC for low voltage applications incorporating a soft start function and short circuit detection function. The device has a low minimum operating voltage of 1.8 V and is ideal for the power supply of battery-operated electronic equipment. s FEATURES · · · · · · · · · Wide supply voltage operating range: 1.8 to 15 V Low current consumption: Typically 5.5 mA in operation, 1 µA or less in stand-by High speed operation is possible: Maximum 1 MHz The error amplifier gain is set inside the IC, so peripheral components are minimized. Incorporates a soft start circuit. Incorporates a timer-latch type short circuit detection circuit (SCP). Totem-pole type output with adjustable on/off current (for NPN transistors) Incorporates a stand-by function. Three types of packages (SOP-8 or SOL-8, SSOP-8) s PACKAGES 8-pin Plastic SOP 8-pin Plastic SOL 8-pin Plastic SSOP (FPT-8P-M01 FPT-8P-M01 (FPT-8P-M02 FPT-8P-M02) (FPT-8P-M03 FPT-8P-M03) MB3800 MB3800 s PIN ASSIGNMENT (TOP VIEW) IN 1 8 FB SCP 2 7 OSC V CC 3 6 GND BR/CTL 4 5 OUT (FPT-8P-M01 FPT-8P-M01) (FPT-8P-M02 FPT-8P-M02) (FPT-8P-M03 FPT-8P-M03) s PIN DESCRIPTION Pin No. I/O 1 IN I 2 SCP - Soft start and SCP setting capacitor connection pin 3 VCC - Power supply pin 4 BR/CTL I Output current setting and control pin 5 OUT O Totem-pole type output pin 6 GND - Ground pin 7 OSC - Capacitor and resistor connection pin for setting the oscillation frequency 8 2 Symbol Description FB O Error amplifier output pin Error amplifier inverting input pin MB3800 MB3800 s BLOCK DIAGRAM V CC OSC 3 7 Reference voltage supply Sawtooth wave oscillator 0.6 V OUT 0.1 V 5 0.1 V 1.25 V IN 1 PWM 36 k 30 k Comp. + + + + Error Amp. 0.5 V 500 Output drive control circuit 0.3 V DTC 0.6 V FB 8 Soft start SCP 6 2 GND 4 SCP BR/CTL (8 pin) 3 MB3800 MB3800 s ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS (Ta = +25°C) Parameter Symbol Rated Value Condition Unit 16 V - 50 mA - 50 mA - 570* mW SOP-8, Ta +25°C - 430* mW SSOP-8, Ta +25°C - 580* mW 30 +85 °C 55 +125 °C O+ I Output sink current - VCC Output source current Max. SOP-8, Ta +25°C Power supply voltage Min. IO Allowable dissipation - PD Operating temperature Top Storage temperature Tstg - * : When mounted on a 10 cm square double-sided epoxy board WARNING: Semiconductor devices can be permanently damaged by application of stress (voltage, current, temperature, etc.) in excess of absolute maximum ratings. Do not exceed these ratings. s RECOMMENDED OPERATING CONDITIONS (Ta = +25°C) Parameter Symbol Values Unit Min. Typ. Max. VCC 1.8 - 15 V VI 0.2 - 1.0 V BR/CTL pin input voltage VBR 0.2 - VCC V Output source current IO+ 40 - - mA Output sink current I O - - 40 mA SCP pin capacitance CPE - 0.1 - µF Phase compensation capacitance CP - 0.1 - µF Output current setting resistance RB 150 390 5000 Timing resistance RT 1.0 3.0 10.0 k Timing capacitance CT 100 270 10000 pF Oscillation frequency fOSC 10 500 1000 kHz Operating temperature TOP 30 +25 +85 °C Power supply voltage Error amplifier input voltage WARNING: Recommended operating conditions are normal operating ranges for the semiconductor device. All the device's electrical characteristics are warranted when operated within these ranges. Always use semiconductor devices within the recommended operating conditions. Operation outside these ranges may adversely affect reliability and could result in device failure. No warranty is made with respect to uses, operating conditions, or combinations not represented on the data sheet. Users considering application outside the listed conditions are advised to contact their FUJITSU representative beforehand. 4 MB3800 MB3800 s ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (VCC = +2 V, Ta = +25°C) Parameter Circuit to prevent malfunction at low input voltage (U.V.L.O.) Reset voltage Symbol Condition VR Value Min. Typ. Max. Unit - - 0.9 V 1.1 1.3 1.5 V 1.5 1.0 0.7 µA 0.7 0.8 0.9 V 1.5 1.0 0.7 µA 0.7 0.8 0.9 V 400 500 600 kHz - Threshold voltage VTH Charging current ICS Soft start Voltage at soft start completion VtS Short circuit detection (S.C.P .) Charging current ICPC Threshold voltage VtPC Oscillation frequency fOCS RT = 3.0 k, CT = 270 pF Frequency input stability fdV VCC = 2 V to 15 V - 2 10 % Frequency variation with temperature fdT Ta = 30°C to +85°C - 5 - % Input threshold voltage VT VFB = 450 mV 480 500 520 mV VT input stability VTdV VCC = 2 V to 15 V - 5 20 mV VT variation with temperature VTdT Ta = 30°C to +85°C - 1 - % Input bias current IB 1.0 0.2 1.0 µA Voltage gain AV 70 100 145 V/V Frequency bandwidth BW - 6 - MHz Maximum output voltage range VOM+ 0.78 0.87 - V - 0.05 0.2 V - 40 24 µA 24 40 - µA 65 75 85 % Sawtooth wave oscillator (OSC) Error amplifier - VSCP = 0 V - VIN = 0 V - AV = 0 dB - VOM Output source current I Output sink current Idle period adjustment section VSCP = 0 V IOM Maximum duty cycle tDUTY OM+ VFB = 0.45 V RT = 3.0 k, CT = 270 pF VFB = 0.8 V (Continued) 5 MB3800 MB3800 (Continued) Parameter Symbol Condition Value Min. Typ. Max. Unit VOH1 RB = 390 , IO = 15 mA 1.0 1.2 - V VOH2 RB = 750 , VCC = 1.8 V IO = 10 mA 0.8 1.0 - V VOL1 RB = 390 , IO = 15 mA - 0.1 0.2 V VOL2 RB = 750 , VCC = 1.8 V IO = 10 mA - 0.1 0.2 V Output source current IO+ RB = 390 , VO = 0.9 V - 30 20 mA Output sink current IO RB = 390 , VO = 0.3 V 30 60 - mA Pull down resistance RO 20 30 40 k Pin voltage VBR 0.2 0.3 0.4 V Input off condition IOFF 20 - 0 µA Input on condition ION - - 45 µA Pin current range IBR 1.8 - 0.1 mA Stand-by current ICCS BR/CTL pin open or VCC - - 1 µA Average supply current ICC RB = 390 - 5.5 9.3 mA Output voltage Output section Output current setting section/ Control section Entire device - RB = 390 - s DIAGRAM FB pin voltage Reference input for short circuit detection comparator Idle period setting voltage Sawtooth wave output Soft start setting voltage OUT pin waveforms SCP pin waveforms Soft start tS ON Power supply control SW OFF 6 Output short circuit t PE Output short circuit Short circuit detection MB3800 MB3800 s HOW TO SET THE TIME CONSTANT FOR SOFT START AND SHORT CIRCUIT DETECTION 1. Soft Start At power on, the capacitor CPE connected to the SCP pin starts charging. The PWM comparator compares the soft start setting voltage as a proportion of the voltage at the SCP pin with the sawtooth waveform. The comparison controls the ON duty of the OUT pin, causing the soft start operation. On completion of soft start operation, the voltage at the SCP pin stays low, the soft start setting voltage stays high, and the circuit enters the output short circuit detection wait state. Soft start time (The time until the output ON duty reaches approximately 50%) tS [s] 0.35 × CPE [µF] 2. Short Circuit Protection If the switching regulator output suddenly drops due to load effect, the error amplifier output (FB pin) is fixed at VOM+ and capacitor CPE starts charging. When the voltage at the SCP pin reaches approximately 0.8V, the output pin is set low and the SCP pin stays low. Once the protection circuit operates, the circuit can be restored by resetting the power supply. · Short circuit detection time tPE [s] 0.8 × CPE [µF] 7 MB3800 MB3800 s TYPICAL CHARACTERISTICS Supply voltage vs. Supply current T a = +25°C R B = 390 1.0 Input threshold voltage V T (V) 10 Supply current I CC (mA) Supply voltage vs. Input threshold voltage 8 6 4 2 0 0 4 8 12 16 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0 20 T a = +25°C 0 4 Supply voltage vs. Input threshold voltage Input threshold voltage V T (V) 1.0 T a = +25°C 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0 0 1.0 2.0 3.0 12 16 4.0 5.0 Ambient temperature vs. Input threshold voltage variation ratio 10 V CC = 2 V 5 0 5 10 15 40 20 0 20 40 80 60 V CC = 2 V R B = 390 T a = +25°C 1.6 1.2 0.8 0.4 10 20 30 40 High level output current I OUT (mA) 50 Low level output voltage V OUT (mV) Low level output 2.0 0 100 Ambient temperature T a (°C) High level output High level output voltage V OUT (V) Supply voltage V CC (V) 0 20 Supply voltage V CC (V) Input threshold voltage variation ratio V T/V T (%) Supply voltage V CC (V) 8 V CC = 2 V R B = 390 T a = +25°C 500 400 300 200 100 0 0 20 40 60 80 100 High level output current I OUT (mA) (Continued) 8 MB3800 MB3800 (Continued) BR/CTL pin current vs. BR/CTL pin voltage 50 500 BR/CTL pin voltage V BR (mV) Output source current I OUT (mA) BR/CTL pin current vs. Output source current 40 V CC = 2 V V OUT = 0.9 V T a = +25°C 30 20 10 0 0.4 0 0.8 1.2 1.6 400 300 200 100 0 2.0 V CC = 2 V T a = +25°C 0 0.4 BR/CTL pin current I BR (mA) 0.8 1.2 1.6 2.0 BR/CTL pin current I BR (mA) Timing resistor vs. Oscillation frequency BR/CTL pin current vs. Supply current 1M V CC = 2 V T a = +25°C Oscillation frequency f OSC (Hz) Supply current I CC (mA) 5.0 4.0 3.0 2.0 1.0 0 20 0 40 60 80 500 k 200 k C T = 1000 pF 100 k 50 k 20 k C T = 10000 pF 10 k 5k 2k 1k 100 BR/CTL pin current I BR (µA) 10 k 5k 20 k Ambient temperature vs. Frequency variation ratio 10 10 C T = 270 pF R T = 3.0 k Ta = +25°C 5 Frequency variation ratio f/f (%) Frequency variation ratio f/f (%) 2k Timing resistor R T () Supply voltage vs. Frequency variation ratio 0 5 10 15 V CC = 2 V T a = +25°C C T = 100 pF 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 Supply voltage V CC (V) 14 16 V CC = 2 V C T = 270 pF R T = 3.0 k 5 0 5 10 15 40 20 0 20 40 60 80 100 Ambient temperature T a (°C) (Continued) 9 MB3800 MB3800 (Continued) Oscillation frequency vs. Maximum duty cycle V CC = 2 V C T = 270 pF Ta = +25°C Maximum duty cycle t DUTY (%) 100 80 60 40 20 0 10 K 100 K 1M Oscillation frequency f OSC (Hz) Output pin voltage and current waveforms (reference data) 2V (V) 6 V CC = 2 V C T = 270 pF R T = 1.0 k 4 V OUT 2 0 (mA) 50 I OUT 0 50 10 mV 0 200 ns 0.4 0.8 1.2 1.6 2.0 t (µs) Note: The OFF delay time of V OUT depends on the characteristics of the external transistor. Measurement circuit diagram V CC (5 V) 22 µH 18 k MB3800 MB3800 5 I OUT V OUT 10 µF 4 2 k 390 IN 10 MB3800 MB3800 s FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION 1. Switching Regulator Function (1) Reference voltage circuit The reference voltage circuit generates a temperature-compensated reference voltage (1.25V) from voltage supplied from the power supply pin (pin 3). In addition to providing the reference voltage for the switching regulator, the circuit also sets the idle period. (2) Sawtooth wave oscillator The sawtooth oscillator generates a sawtooth wave (up to 1 MHz) that is stable with respect to the supply voltage and temperature. The capacitor and resistor that set the oscillation frequency are connected to the OSC pin (pin 7). (3) Error amplifier (Error Amp.) The error amplifier detects the output voltage of the switching regulator and outputs the PWM control signal. The voltage gain is fixed, and connecting a phase compensation capacitor to the FB pin (pin 8) provides stable phase compensation for the system. (4) PWM comparator (PWM Comp.) The voltage comparator has one inverting and three non-inverting inputs. The comparator is a voltage/pulse width converter that controls the ON time of the output pulse depending on the input voltage. The output level is high (H) when the sawtooth wave is lower than the error amplifier output voltage, soft start setting voltage, and idle period setting voltage. (5) Output circuit The output circuit has a totem pole type configuration and can drive an external NPN transistor directly. The value of the ON/OFF current can be set by a resistor connected to the BR/CTL pin (pin 4). 2. Power Supply Control Function Stand-by mode (supply current 1 µA or less) can be set by connecting the BR/CTL pin (pin 4) to VCC or by making the pin open circuit. SW Mode OFF Stand-by mode ON Operating mode MB3800 MB3800 4 BR/CTL RB SW 11 MB3800 MB3800 3. Other Functions (1) Soft start and short circuit detection Soft start operation is set by connecting capacitor CPE to the SCP pin (pin 2). Soft start prevents a current spike on start-up. On completion of soft start operation, the SCP pin (pin 2) stays low and enters the short circuit detection wait state. When an output short circuit occurs, the error amplifier output is fixed at VOM+ and capacitor CPE starts charging. After charging to approximately 0.8 V, the output pin (pin 5) is set low and the SCP pin (pin 2) stays low. Once the protection circuit operates, the circuit can be restored by resetting the power supply. (See "s HOW TO SET THE TIME CONSTANT FOR SOFT START AND SHORT CIRCUIT DETECTION".) (2) Circuit to prevent malfunction at low input voltage Transients when powering on or instantaneous glitches in the supply voltage can lead to malfunction of the control IC and cause system damage or failure. The circuit to prevent malfunction at low input voltage detects a low input voltage by comparing the supply voltage to the internal reference voltage. On detection, the circuit fixes the output pin to low. The system recovers when the supply voltage rises back above the threshold voltage of the malfunction prevention circuit. s APPLICATION EXAMPLE 18 k 22 µH IN SCP V in (3 V) 1 8 2 7 FB OSC MB3800 MB3800 V CC 3 6 BR/CTL 4 0.1 µF 5 33 µF 390 2 k 10 µF GND OUT 0.1 µF 270 pF 3 k CTL 12 Vo (5 V) MB3800 MB3800 s USAGE PRECAUTIONS 1. Do not apply an input voltage greater than the maximum rating. Do not input voltages greater than the maximum rating as this can cause damage to the LSI. 2. Use in accordance with the recommended operating conditions. The electrical characteristics of the LSI are not guaranteed if the input voltage is greater than the maximum. Also, LSI operation is unstable if the input voltage is less than the minimum. Therefore, always use in accordance with the recommended operating conditions. 3. Use a wide ground line on the printed circuit board. As the LSI uses a high frequency and therefore can generate high frequency noise, make the ground line as wide as possible. 4. Take anti-static precautions. · Use a holder for inserting the semiconductor which is anti-static or conductive. · After mounting the device on a printed circuit board, store or transport the board in a conductive bag or container. · Earth work benches, tools, and measuring equipment. · Ensure that maintenance personnel have a resistance of 250 k to 1 M in series between their body and earth. 13 MB3800 MB3800 s ORDERING INFORMATION Part number Package MB3800PF MB3800PF MB3800PNF MB3800PNF 8-pin Plastic SOL (FPT-8P-M02 FPT-8P-M02) MB3800PFV MB3800PFV 14 8-pin Plastic SOP (FPT-8P-M01 FPT-8P-M01) 8-pin Plastic SSOP (FPT-8P-M03 FPT-8P-M03) Remarks MB3800 MB3800 s PACKAGE DIMENSIONS 8-pin Plastic SOP (FPT-8P-M01 FPT-8P-M01) 2.25(.089)MAX 6.35 +0.25 0.20 .250 +.010 .008 0.05(.002)MIN (STAND OFF) 5.30±0.30 (.209±.012) INDEX 1.27(.050) TYP 0.45±0.10 (.018±.004) 3.81(.150)REF +0.40 6.80 0.20 +.016 .268 .008 7.80±0.40 (.307±.016) +0.05 Ø0.13(.005) M 0.15 0.02 +.002 .006 .001 0.50±0.20 (.020±.008) Details of "A" part 0.20(.008) 0.50(.020) "A" 0.18(.007)MAX 0.10(.004) C 1994 FUJITSU LIMITED F08002S-4C-4 F08002S-4C-4 0.68(.027)MAX Dimensions in mm (inches). (Continued) 15 MB3800 MB3800 (Continued) 8-pin Plastic SOL (FPT-8P-M02 FPT-8P-M02) +0.25 +.010 5.05 0.20 .199 .008 1.55±0.20(.061±.008) 0.15±0.10 (STAND OFF) (.006±.004) 3.90±0.30 (.154±.012) 6.00±0.40 (.236±.016) 5.00±0.30 (.197±.012) 45° 0.40(.016) 1.27(.050)TYP 0.42±0.10 (.017±.004) Ø0.13(.005) M 0.20±0.05 (.008±.002) 0.50±.020 (.020±.008) Details of "A" part 0.40(.016) "A" 3.81(.150)REF 0.10(.004) 0.20(.008) 0.18(.007)MAX 0.65(.026)MAX C 16 1994 FUJITSU LIMITED F08004S-2C-4 F08004S-2C-4 Dimensions in mm (inches). MB3800 MB3800 (Continued) 8-pin Plastic SSOP (FPT-8P-M03 FPT-8P-M03) +0.20 * 3.50±0.10 1.25 0.10 +.008 .049 .004 (.138±.004) 0.10(.004) INDEX 4.20±0.10 (.165±.004) 5.20(.205) NOM 6.20±0.20 (.244±.008) "A" 0.80(.0315) TYP 0.35±0.10 (.014±.004) +0.05 0.10(.004) M 0.15 0.02 +.002 .006 .001 Details of "A" part 0.10±0.10(.004±.004) (STAND OFF) 2.40(.094)REF C 1994 FUJITSU LIMITED F08005S-1C-2 F08005S-1C-2 0 10° 0.50±0.20 (.020±.008) Dimensions in mm (inches). 17 MB3800 MB3800 FUJITSU LIMITED For further information please contact: Japan FUJITSU LIMITED Corporate Global Business Support Division Electronic Devices KAWASAKI PLANT, 4-1-1, Kamikodanaka Nakahara-ku, Kawasaki-shi Kanagawa 211-8588, Japan Tel: (044) 754-3763 Fax: (044) 754-3329 http://www.fujitsu.co.jp/ North and South America FUJITSU MICROELECTRONICS, INC. Semiconductor Division 3545 North First Street San Jose, CA 95134-1804, USA Tel: (408) 922-9000 Fax: (408) 922-9179 Customer Response Center Mon. - Fri.: 7 am - 5 pm (PST) Tel: (800) 866-8608 Fax: (408) 922-9179 http://www.fujitsumicro.com/ Europe FUJITSU MIKROELEKTRONIK GmbH Am Siebenstein 6-10 D-63303 D-63303 Dreieich-Buchschlag Germany Tel: (06103) 690-0 Fax: (06103) 690-122 http://www.fujitsu-ede.com/ Asia Pacific FUJITSU MICROELECTRONICS ASIA PTE LTD #05-08, 151 Lorong Chuan New Tech Park Singapore 556741 Tel: (65) 281-0770 Fax: (65) 281-0220 http://www.fmap.com.sg/ F9802 F9802 © FUJITSU LIMITED Printed in Japan 18 All Rights Reserved. The contents of this document are subject to change without notice. Customers are advised to consult with FUJITSU sales representatives before ordering. The information and circuit diagrams in this document presented as examples of semiconductor device applications, and are not intended to be incorporated in devices for actual use. Also, FUJITSU is unable to assume responsibility for infringement of any patent rights or other rights of third parties arising from the use of this information or circuit diagrams. FUJITSU semiconductor devices are intended for use in standard applications (computers, office automation and other office equipment, industrial, communications, and measurement equipment, personal or household devices, etc.). CAUTION: Customers considering the use of our products in special applications where failure or abnormal operation may directly affect human lives or cause physical injury or property damage, or where extremely high levels of reliability are demanded (such as aerospace systems, atomic energy controls, sea floor repeaters, vehicle operating controls, medical devices for life support, etc.) are requested to consult with FUJITSU sales representatives before such use. The company will not be responsible for damages arising from such use without prior approval. 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